Land Use Planning is statutory (obligatory by law) and SUMP is not. Land use planning has a very strong influence on the mobility behaviour of future residents, as land use plans determine density, use mix and the space for transport infrastructure including parking. As Land Use is stable over longer periods (it normally takes time to change built structures), it is of utmost importance to take into account mobility when a new area is developed. It is very difficult to change mobility behaviour once everything is built and a certain mobility behaviour has already been established.
Good planning helps choosing and designing the right measures, or packages of measures, for a city’s particular transport context, and getting them off the ground.
A Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan (SUMP) – a strategic plan designed to satisfy the mobility needs of people and businesses in cities and their surroundings for a better quality of life - can play a big role in this regard. To discover more about these plans, visit the dedicated Mobility Plans section on Eltis.