Traffic and demand management refers to measures such as parking management, reallocating urban space in favour of sustainable modes of transport (including shared space), access controls, road pricing, and traffic signal control strategies.
At the start of December the Brussels-Capital Region reached an internal agreement on the introduction of a ‘City Toll’ or ‘Intelligent Kilometre Charge’. The road charging project, called SmartMove, is to be introduced in 2022 and aims to reduce the number of individual journeys by car by 25% by 2030. The Capital Region hopes the measure will reduce congestion on the many city avenues and tunnels, and to improve air quality.
As with many cities in Europe, Bielefeld in Germany has high daily volumes of traffic. Its current mobility strategy aims to reduce the share of motorised individual trips (such as by cars, motorcycles, mopeds) from 51% to 25% by 2030. One of the traffic hotspots in Bielefeld is the Jahnplatz square located at the northern edge of the historical city centre. It connects the centre to the main commercial areas that continue north in the direction of the main railway station.