Cities, particularly the largest agglomerations in Europe, are struggling to reduce traffic congestion and transport-related emissions, as they try to improve mobility and air quality for residents and tourists. Each day, a significant proportion of trips in urban areas is made using diesel-powered trucks, which deliver different kinds of goods to private sector customers throughout the day. However, it is not only the goods delivered to private businesses that contribute to increased traffic flows, as the public sector is one of the main customers for the products that trucks deliver.
The process of developing policy generally involves research, analysis, consultation and synthesis of information to produce recommendations. Guidelines can help cities develop and assess their transport policies to address existing and new policy objectives. Research organisations and institutions provide valuable data and analysis to underpin policy recommendations and decisions.