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Traffic management

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GLOSSARY TERMS

The aim of the SUMP Glossary is to provide a brief explanation of specialist words, terms and abbreviations relating to the subject of sustainable urban mobility planning. The Glossary has been prepared by the CH4LLENGE project and as a result, there is a particular focus on defining terms relating to the four key challenges of plan development studied by the project, namely: participation, cooperation, measure selection and monitoring & evaluation. It is envisaged that, over time, the international community of mobility practitioners will add to the content of the online Glossary and produce versions in different languages.
A simple structure has been followed so that users can search for words, terms and abbreviations in a standard alphabetic format. For each Glossary term, the following information is provided:
• a general definition and, where available, a specific definition relating to transport and mobility planning;
• an explanation of why the term is relevant to sustainable urban mobility planning; and
• references to sources.
The preparation of the Glossary, including the selection of terms and drafting of definitions, has been informed by a review of relevant reports, guidance documents and existing glossaries. The key reference is the European Union “Guidelines - Developing and implementing a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan” prepared for the EC’s Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE) programme by Rupprecht Consult (January 2014) and therefore this has not been identified as a source throughout the document. The outputs of the CH4LLENGE project have also provided a principal source of information and the official documents can be found at www.sump-challenges.eu.

Please note that not all the explanatory text is taken directly from the listed sources. The authors have sought to take established definitions and information as the basis and explain these in simple terms and relate them to the context of sustainable urban mobility planning where this was not previously the case.

By Admin Eltis / Posodobljeno: 28 May 2019

Definition – Conventional traffic managementinfo-icon schemes are typically road design interventions such as: one-way streets; junction redesign; banned turns and controls for on-street parking. These schemes have often been implemented with the objectives of increasing traffic capacity and safety, although further objectives can include the reallocation of road space to improve public transport and provision for cyclists and pedestrians. Traffic management falls within the infrastructure management category of potential SUMP measures.

Active Traffic Managementinfo-icon (ATM) refers to the real-time management of road traffic through a combination of hard-shoulder running, incident detection, variable speed limits, queue warnings and other measures that are integrated to form a single system for a particular section of road or geographical area. Electronic signs are used to provide information to drivers. ATM is a type of Intelligent Transport System (ITS).

Relevance to SUMP – Traffic management refers to a series of measures that are used to manage the capacity of the transport system. The SUMP approach encourages a balanced development of all transport modes, an objectiveinfo-icon that can be supported through traffic management approaches such as the reallocation of road space for public transport, cycling and walking.

Source: KonSULT (online)

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