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Stakeholder

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GLOSSARY TERMS

The aim of the SUMP Glossary is to provide a brief explanation of specialist words, terms and abbreviations relating to the subject of sustainable urban mobility planning. The Glossary has been prepared by the CH4LLENGE project and as a result, there is a particular focus on defining terms relating to the four key challenges of plan development studied by the project, namely: participation, cooperation, measure selection and monitoring & evaluation. It is envisaged that, over time, the international community of mobility practitioners will add to the content of the online Glossary and produce versions in different languages.
A simple structure has been followed so that users can search for words, terms and abbreviations in a standard alphabetic format. For each Glossary term, the following information is provided:
• a general definition and, where available, a specific definition relating to transport and mobility planning;
• an explanation of why the term is relevant to sustainable urban mobility planning; and
• references to sources.
The preparation of the Glossary, including the selection of terms and drafting of definitions, has been informed by a review of relevant reports, guidance documents and existing glossaries. The key reference is the European Union “Guidelines - Developing and implementing a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan” prepared for the EC’s Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE) programme by Rupprecht Consult (January 2014) and therefore this has not been identified as a source throughout the document. The outputs of the CH4LLENGE project have also provided a principal source of information and the official documents can be found at www.sump-challenges.eu.

Please note that not all the explanatory text is taken directly from the listed sources. The authors have sought to take established definitions and information as the basis and explain these in simple terms and relate them to the context of sustainable urban mobility planning where this was not previously the case.

By Admin Eltis / Posodobljeno: 28 May 2019

Definition – A stakeholderinfo-icon is an individual, group or organisation that is affected by a proposed plan or project or that can affect the proposal and its implementation. This includes the general public (see citizeninfo-icon and community groupsinfo-icon), public authorities, businesses and research institutions.

Analysis of stakeholder constellations (also known as stakeholder mapping) helps to find out what the objectives of each stakeholder are, what their hidden agendas are, and whether they regard themselves as winners or losers if a certain project is implemented. Related terms include:

  • Influence-interest matrix – A mapping toolinfo-icon that clusters stakeholders with regard to whether they have a low or high stake in the outcome of a proposal and whether they have a weak or strong influence on the proposal
  • Opponent – A stakeholder that opposes a proposal or course of action
  • Proponent or supporter – a stakeholder that approves of and encourages a proposal or course of action
  • Veto player – a stakeholder with the power to stop a change from the status quo – e.g. block a new SUMP or measureinfo-icon from being implemented

Relevance to SUMP – Public authorities should identify key actors and stakeholders, which will inform the approach to participationinfo-icon and preparation of a stakeholder and citizen involvement strategyinfo-icon. Typical stakeholders are transport operators, traffic police and the emergency services, local businesses, retailers, utility providers, environmental NGOs, citizens, universities, etc. (see also key stakeholderinfo-icon).

Source: Oxford Dictionaries (online)

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