Land Use Planning is statutory (obligatory by law) and SUMP is not. Land use planning has a very strong influence on the mobility behaviour of future residents, as land use plans determine density, use mix and the space for transport infrastructure including parking. As Land Use is stable over longer periods (it normally takes time to change built structures), it is of utmost importance to take into account mobility when a new area is developed. It is very difficult to change mobility behaviour once everything is built and a certain mobility behaviour has already been established.
The most important intermediary between land use and mobility are building permits. They can be connected to certain obligations for developers, e.g. co-financing of transport infrastructure or the amount of parking provided. The optimum would be that SUMP and land use planning run in parallel in a very coordinated way. That‘s why it is important to strive for communication between departments and for joint stakeholder workshops well in advance of the development of specific sites. This results in a better understanding of each other’s priorities and a higher level of cooperation.
Available languages: EN, BG, HR, LT, PL, SI at http://sump-network.eu/training-materials/
Available languages: EN, HR, LT, PL at http://sump-network.eu/training-materials/