This training material focuses on the relationship between local and regional urban transport, energy consumption and related environmental impacts. The material focuses especially on methodologies for estimating pollutant emissions and energy consumption from urban road transport. Related topics to this training material are mobility management, urban freight transport, economics and pricing, as far as the traffic demand and the traffic characteristics are concerned. Modelling and data analysis is related as far as the mobility, emission, energy consumption and air pollutant dispersion models are concerned.
The material can be used as an introduction to the basics of road transport pollutant estimation. The main focus of is on the estimation of aggregate emissions for nations or networks. National emission inventories of specific nations can be estimated using the material in several cases, assuming no more actual or more specific national methodology exists. As a consequence of different situations and data availability in EU countries and because of the differing areas of application, the results of the estimations might not be comparable. Correspondingly, the results using the material from 2002 cannot be compared to results from more recent methods. In the second volume more recent methods are introduced.
In addition, existing methods cover primarily different areas. Originally, methods and the data used for the estimations were developed for large-scale, mainly national, emission inventories. Thus, for small scale, local emission estimations (e.g. for local development plan evaluation, air quality action plans or for construction permits) the material is not partly nor fully applicable.