Hybrid Tram in Bremen

By News Editor / Updated: 17 Aug 2020

The tram system was extended to the urban periphery and residents were surveyed before and after its introduction in 2002.

Residents living in the catchment area of the tram extension were asked about their use and acceptance of public transport before and after the introduction of the new tram line. Comparing the before and after situation the findings on the impacts of the tram are: a significant growth in the use of public transport by the residents, a decrease in their car usage, and generally a higher acceptance of the tram over the bus in terms of convenience, reliability and speed. The forthcoming tram raised high expectations among the residents, which were mostly exceeded after its introduction. From the residents and public transport users point of view the tram extension can be seen as a successful innovation which should be transferred to other areas of the urban periphery.The hybrid tram was planned as an extension to the existing tram routes in the city and aimed to meet the following objectives: increase of public transport customers with season tickets, increase of use of electronic ticketing, measurable relief of road traffic in the corridor and increase of public transport share in the modal split.>The project aimed to increase the patronage of public transport by introducing a more attractive system and more environmentally friendly vehicles; to attract customers by linking the tram lines with park and ride stations and railway stations; to improve the urban development of residential areas along the route. In general, the shift from bus or tram to light rail is a shift from a more flexible to a more reliable, cleaner and faster system.The extended route replaced two bus lines. One of these routes led to the former terminal tram stop, meaning that passengers had to change if they wanted to reach the city centre. With the tram extension former bus users have a direct connection. The residents can now reach the city centre by a reliable and frequent service without having to change vehicles. Evaluation was based on surveys before the opening of the new tram and after the opening. A representative sample of 362 residents were identified within the catchment area of the tram extension. Some residents were also interviewed based on standardised questionnaires.
Collective passenger transport
University of Bremen
Henning Koch
01 Jan 1971
17 Aug 2020