The EVIDENCE project (http://evidence-project.eu) ran from 2014 to 2017 and was financed by the Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE) programme.
The project sought to demonstrate the economic value of sustainable urban mobility interventions and has produced a number of insightful documents that will be of interest to practitioners and policy makers as well as EU funded projects related to sustainable urban mobility planning.
EVIDENCE has produced a large body of evidence to support an enhanced role for sustainable urban mobility in EU cities. This reviewed in detail 351 documents (out of 750 documents identified) which included specific evidence in relation to 22 types of mobility measures. This evidence is presented and summarised in a series of documents (see below).
These evidence reviews assist practitioners by:
- Indicating the net beneficial economic returns that are likely to be experienced from the range of interventions commonly found in a SUMP, including the range and scale of benefits.
- Providing information as to which interventions are most likely to work well together in respect of producing more sustainable mobility and providing economic benefits.
- Offering examples of effectively evaluated existing interventions through the EVIDENCE database and the Measure Reviews.
Key messages from the report 'Demonstrating economic benefits from sustainable mobility choices – the EVIDENCE project':
This report includes a number of messages that will be of interest to those in developing further policy and initiatives in the field of sustainable urban mobility planning.
…on sustainable mobility measures:
- Strong awareness of SUMPs and mobility management measures and schemes was identified, much of which came through involvement in EU projects, conferences, seminars, and training programmes.
- Whilst EU policy regards sustainable mobility measures as an essential requirement, they are still often seen in many cities as additional to 'traditional' transport investments. Therefore, they are often reliant on funding through external EU programmes (such as the former EU-FP7, LIFE and IEE programmes, and the current H-2020, INTERREG programmes).
- Interventions that introduce new capacity, or extend existing networks of more sustainable modes, will also benefit from some element of restraint being applied on the use of private vehicles.
- Some interventions are more likely to be successful when they are introduced in conjunction with other interventions.
- A shift away from new high-capacity roads or intercity high-speed rail links towards SUMP measures designed to create highly attractive living environments also has the potential to reduce congestion and pollution.
…on measure appraisal:
- Inappropriate application of a tool like CBA could systematically underestimate the benefits of sustainable mobility interventions, compared to the more readily quantifiable and monetisable traffic volume, traffic speed, and theoretical accessibility enhancements of new infrastructure capacity.
- CBA evidence was just one form of economic information informing the reviews undertaken here. Improvements could be made to current appraisal approaches to better accommodate and support sustainable mobility interventions. These are discussed in Chapter 3 of 'Economic Benefits of Sustainable Urban Mobility Measures - Independent Review of Evidence: Report' (2016).
… on training needs:
- There is a need for more integration among already existing transport educational programs.
- In some countries there is a need to increase the number of educational programs on sustainable mobility.
- Training should be multi-disciplinary and the interaction between educational institutions and practitioners should be further encouraged.
- After their initial academic study, it is important to give the possibility to transport professionals to continue and/or broaden their learning experiences.
- EU-funded projects seem to be effective in changing the mentality of transport professionals. In some countries, the only training activities focused on sustainable transport are those organized in the framework of EU-funded projects.
- Demonstrating economic benefits from sustainable mobility choices - the EVIDENCE project. This report introduces and summarises the issues explored in the project, including barriers identified, lessons learnt as well as recommendations for stakeholders at all levels in the process of selecting and implementing sustainable urban mobility interventions.
- How urban transport projects are appraised: current practice in the EU. This discussion documents from November 2014 intends to convey to the reader a better understanding of:
- The challenge of determining a project’s viability.
- The role of project appraisal (most commonly CBAs) in decision‐making at urban level.
- The role SUMPs play in project prioritisation.
- Independent Review of Evidence - Main Report. This report summarises the findings of the review of evidence on the economic benefits of sustainable mobility measures
- Independent Review of Evidence - In-depth Reviews of Measures. This report contains the detailed evidence for the twenty-two different categories of sustainable mobility interventions, highlighting the information about economic impacts found. The twenty-two review can also be downloaded individually here,
- Independent Review of Evidence - Summary Reviews of Measures. For those looking for a quick overview, this report provides two page summaries for each of the 22 sustainable urban mobility interventions reviewed by the project. The twenty-two summaries can also be downloaded individually here.
- Independent Review of Evidence - Method. This report details the process followed in undertaking the literature search and review analysis, while also reflecting on the quality and availability of the material that has been reviewed.
- Evidence Database. Provides access to 351 documents that were used in the in-depth analysis of evidence linked to one or several of the 22 sustainable mobility measures.
- The Next Generation Report: An outline of academic education on sustainable transportation in Europe. This report describes the characteristics and motivations of organisations currently involved in transport training in all EU countries. Based on 50 interviews in 26 EU countries, this report identifies key avenues to form a future generation of transport professionals with a better understanding of sustainable mobility.