In recent years, a limited number of Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMPs) were developed on a voluntary basis in Greece, despite the fact that local authorities had not been obliged by a mandatory legal framework to design and implement such plans.
In view of ensuring a common framework for the development of SUMPs by Greek local authorities, the Hellenic Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport established a diverse working group composed of experts from the Ministry of Environment and Energy and the Ministry of Interior, as well as experts from Transport Associations/Institutes - reflecting the multifaceted legislative framework (ex: Land Use, Transport Planning, Road Safety) that mobility initiatives must adhere to. This working group developed a report as a result of which the SUMP guidelines were the baseline for introducing Greece’s legal framework for SUMPs. The Ministry of Infrastructure & Transport also established a unit of Sustainable Urban Mobility (PD 123/2017, GG 151 A’).
SUMP legal framework
The Hellenic Ministry of Infrastructure and Transport, as the competent body for SUMPs, introduced the respective legal framework which was adopted in March 2019. According to the law, “Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan” is defined as the strategic plan that aims to improve the quality of life in urban areas and their surroundings as well as people’s mobility needs and the transportation of goods in these areas. The law foresees that SUMPs – even though not mandatory – can be developed by Municipalities, a union of Municipalities or Regional Authorities. The SUMP is designed and compiled with a 10 year vision, taking under consideration social, economic and environmental criteria, and covering all modes and means of transport in the region of intervention, so that citizens' mobility and urban transport becomes functional and viable for all users.
Funding for the implementation of SUMPs
SUMPs are not mandatory, but it is foreseen that the proposed measures of SUMPs that meet the requirements of the SUMP law may be financed from the co-financed or national part of the Public Investment Program and/or other financial instruments. At present, there are several Municipalities that have been eligible to a funding program, launched by the “Green Fund” (body operating under the Hellenic Ministry of Environment and Energy) in order to develop SUMPs.
Monitoring SUMP implementation
The Sustainable Urban Mobility unit has the authority to monitor the development of SUMPs in Greece, under the provisions of the legal framework for SUMPs.