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Da Admin Eltis / Aggiornato: 28 May 2019

Definition – A stakeholderinfo-icon is an individual, group or organisation that is affected by a proposed plan or project or that can affect the proposal and its implementation. This includes the general public (see citizeninfo-icon and community groupsinfo-icon), public authorities, businesses and research institutions.

Analysis of stakeholder constellations (also known as stakeholder mapping) helps to find out what the objectives of each stakeholder are, what their hidden agendas are, and whether they regard themselves as winners or losers if a certain project is implemented. Related terms include:

  • Influence-interest matrix – A mapping toolinfo-icon that clusters stakeholders with regard to whether they have a low or high stake in the outcome of a proposal and whether they have a weak or strong influence on the proposal
  • Opponent – A stakeholder that opposes a proposal or course of action
  • Proponent or supporter – a stakeholder that approves of and encourages a proposal or course of action
  • Veto player – a stakeholder with the power to stop a change from the status quo – e.g. block a new SUMP or measureinfo-icon from being implemented

Relevance to SUMP – Public authorities should identify key actors and stakeholders, which will inform the approach to participationinfo-icon and preparation of a stakeholder and citizen involvement strategyinfo-icon. Typical stakeholders are transport operators, traffic police and the emergency services, local businesses, retailers, utility providers, environmental NGOs, citizens, universities, etc. (see also key stakeholderinfo-icon).

Source: Oxford Dictionaries (online)

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