A report on the outcome of the most recent meeting of the G20 Transport Task Group (TTG) on the future of mobility has been published.
The TTG is a voluntary platform in which the G20 countries cooperate and work to improve the environmental and energy efficiency of motor vehicles, particularly heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs). The second in-person meeting of the TTG took place in Tokyo, Japan between 28 and 30 October 2019. The main objective of the meeting was to discuss recent developments in the G20's economies and to plan the group’s actions and plans for 2020.
On the first day the TTG highlighted the progress that has been made in improving the energy efficiency and environmental performance of vehicles in 18 countries. The International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) gave an update on technical actions including:
- A proof-of-concept adaption of a vehicle energy consumption calculation tool (VECTO) in India;
- HDV aerodynamic drag determination tests and on-road fuel consumption measurement in Argentina;
- An analysis of policy pathways for cleaner fuels and vehicles in South Africa.
Visitors learnt about the Tokyo Metropolitan Government’s deployment of zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) and their plans to increase ZEV sales to 50% of passenger vehicle sales by 2030, compared to 2.2% in 2017. To do this the government plans to buy only ZEVs from now on, to offer subsidies for ZEVs and charging equipment, to double the number of public chargers and to install 150 hydrogen stations by 2030.
Participants also heard about ICLEI's work on transport in cities, specifically on logistics and construction, electric and shared mobility and active travel, as well as governance, planning and coordination. ICLEI presented the GreenCharge initiative, the Big Buyers initiative and the Handshake project, which will help its members to achieve their sustainability goals.
The ICCT concluded the first day with an update on current vehicle emission standards and recommendations for the future. On the second day representatives from industry gave an overview of modern emission control technologies.
The third day of the meeting concentrated on health and compliance, with experts presenting the latest work on the health effects of air pollution and how much the transport sector contributes to the levels of air pollution. Key figures presented included that:
- 95% of the world population is exposed to PM2.5 levels above the WHO guidelines;
- 9% of all deaths are due to air pollution;
- NO2 levels have been linked to 13% of all new cases of childhood asthma.
Experts also updated participants on international best practice for mobile source emissions compliance and enforcement, technical methods for in-use compliance and policies to improve in-use emissions.
For a more in-depth look at the results of the meeting, the report can be found here.
Original article first published December 2019 by International Council on Clean Transportation
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