TInnGO has set up a gender and diversity sensitive transport system in the notion of Gender Smart Mobility. Gender Smart Mobility contains five key dimensions, which are set up to respond to gender and diversity in transport.
These dimensions are:
- affordable transport;
- effective transport;
- attractive transport;
- sustainable transport, and
- inclusive transport.
AFFORDABLE TRANSPORT: Transport is not ‘smart’ if citizens cannot afford to use it. Affordability must be regarded for all forms of transport: Public transport solutions, smart cars, smart biking, and walking.
QUESTIONS FOR A GaDAP (Gender and Diversity Action Plan) - What are the gendered dimensions in affordable transport? - Affordable for whom? - How does ‘affordable’ looks when integrating at other categories? - Keep in mind, the gender pay gap and that women in general have less access to resources than men.
EFFECTIVE TRANSPORT: An effective transport system is one that is effective for different kind of trips and users. Research shows that men and women travel differently, having different purposes that daily transport systems must account for. Smart transport solutions must accommodate both work and care trips for example. What is effective also needs to include intersectional categories, such as age, (dis)abilities, and class.
QUESTIONS FOR A GADAP - What are the gendered dimensions in effective transport? - Who is this effective for and who not? - How does ‘effective’ looks when other intersecting social categories are included and crossed, such as women and age?
ATTRACTIVE TRANSPORT: Attractive transport counts for a transport system that is customized and comfortable for a broad group of people. It not only involves a transport system that works efficiently, but which also considers the users' wishes for a clean, safe and convenient place to be at. The dimensions of attraction must include surrounding areas, such as bus stops and train stations, and consider the user’s differences in age, background, and gender. An attractive transport system is also adaptable to changes in user needs and wishes. QUESTIONS FOR A GADAP - What are the gendered dimensions in attractive transport? - How does ‘attractive’ looks when more social categories are included, such as age and ethnicity? - Keep in mind, that women (and LGBTQ-persons) more often feel unsafe waiting at dark bus stops, train stations and in deserted areas.
SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT: A key dimension in Smart Transport is that it provides an environment friendly and green way of moving around. Smart transport aims at reducing CO2 emissions, both through the development of new smart technologies, as well as by improving opportunities for green forms of mobility, such as walking and cycling. Further, sustainable transport also holds a social dimension, being socially sustainable for a broad group of users. This includes perspectives of gender and diversity in so far that all groups must be accounted for in offering green transport. Now and in the future.
QUESTIONS FOR A GADAP - What are the gendered dimensions in sustainable transport? - Does the system offer sustainable transport solutions for various social groups with regard to issues such as economy, disability, and age? - Are some groups more attracted to sustainable mobility solutions than others and do actions cater for these differences? - Keep in mind, that sustainable transport includes a social dimension, meaning that transport solutions must keep being attractive for all users also when users and user needs are changing.
INCLUSIVE TRANSPORT: An inclusive transport system can be said to integrate the previous four dimensions of affordable, effective, attractive and sustainable transport. Moreover, inclusive transport solutions are inclusive in so far that they combat discrimination towards certain groups of people. That can be discrimination due to race as well as gender, i.e. racism and sexual harassment.
QUESTIONS FOR A GADAP - What are the gendered dimensions of inclusive transport? - Does the system offer affordable, effective, attractive and sustainable transport for all social groups? - Are some groups more vulnerable and face discrimination in their daily use of transport than others? - Keep in mind, that anti-discrimination efforts are crucial in ensuring an inclusive transport system.
Find more on the full TInnGO report: D8.4 Report on GaDAPs in Gender Smart Mobility
For more information on the TinnGO project click here.