Cities around the world are considering how to deal with need for physical distancing on public transport at peak times. Running more services, where possible, and staggering work hours to reduce peak demand could both help. If people continue to work from home, this would also help to reduce overcrowding.
Barbara Lenz, head of the Institute of Transport Research at German Aerospace Centre DLR, believes that, ‘We definitely need massive financial support for public transport, there is no question about that. The problem is that there is only a limited amount of money available. At present, two options for public transport are under discussion. On the one hand, a yearly fee that allows you to use all forms of public transport, which could also include some sharing services. Alternatively, you could make public transport simply free to use. This would mean that the state pays the total cost for public transport with public money – at present, subsidies only cover less than a third of public transport's total costs in Germany.’
Madrid has entered phase two of its exit from the crisis. This has included extending the closing time of the Metro to its pre-lockdown time of 1:30am and increasing the number of trains to 95% of the previous levels. At the same time, bus services are returning to 100% of pre-crisis levels on the 35 most important lines and 95% elsewhere. Night buses will also provide their usual service over the weekends.
Some cities are hoping that increased numbers of cyclists and pedestrians will help to alleviate the problem of social-distancing on public transport. Lisbon has created a €3 million fund to support the purchase of bicycles. This fund is part of a set of initiatives to promote cycling, including the creation of more cycle lanes.
In the UK a new study, from researchers at the University of Leeds, found that e-bikes could have the greatest impact on maintaining low levels of emissions outside of urban areas. They recommended pilot programmes to incentivise e-bikes over the next two years. If people were to increase the distance that they cycled by 3 km per day and the distance that they walked by 1 km a day, the researchers estimate that this could result in £17 billion of savings for the health service over 20 years.
Modelling has already suggested that there could be ten times as much cycling and five times as much walking in London as the city moves out of lockdown. To handle this volume the city is adding 30 km of permanent cycling lanes. The UK Highways Sector Council has also released a set of ‘Golden COVID-19’ rules for safely managing the crisis.
More generally, people are emphasising that the problem of climate change has not gone away. Alok Sharma, the President of COP 26, the next international climate conference that is to be held in the UK, said: ‘We’re absolutely not postponing action on tackling climate change’, and ‘the climate crisis hasn’t taken time off but, and I think this is the positive piece, there is still time for us collectively to define the future.’
For more in-depth information see the original articles on the following websites:
- Coronavirus recovery: public transport is key to avoid repeating old and unsustainable mistakes;
- Pandemic turns rush hour into public transport's “ultimate problem” – mobility researcher;
- This will be the public transport in Madrid in phase 2 of the de-escalation;
- Lisbon creates three million fund to help buy bicycles;
- Coronavirus: Swap cars for e-bikes to reopen UK, researchers say;
- London: Post Corona plans to transform road use;
- World Bicycle Day: Will cycling be the big winner after lockdown is lifted?;
- COP26 president says UN is not postponing action on climate change due to COVID-19;
- Highway Sector Council's 'Golden Covid-19' rules revealed.
Also, see these COVID-19 related events:
- COVID-19 Webinar: Impacts on transport emissions and air quality;
- LEVITATE Webinar: The impacts of automation in urban transport.
For a detailed list of online resources, guidance materials, and COVID-19 related transport and mobility discussions, please see links in the Eltis article Maintaining essential mobility during a pandemic.
See also the previous weekly summaries produced:
- 8 June 2020 - Weekly Summary
- 1 June 2020 - Weekly Summary
- 25 May 2020 - Weekly Summary
- 18 May 2020 - Weekly Summary
- 11 May 2020 - Weekly Summary
- 4 May 2020 - Weekly Summary
- 27 April 2020 - Weekly Summary
- 20 April 2020 - Weekly Summary
- 13 April 2020 - Weekly Summary
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