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Foreword

GLOSSARY TERMS

The aim of the SUMP Glossary is to provide a brief explanation of specialist words, terms and abbreviations relating to the subject of sustainable urban mobility planning. The Glossary has been prepared by the CH4LLENGE project and as a result, there is a particular focus on defining terms relating to the four key challenges of plan development studied by the project, namely: participation, cooperation, measure selection and monitoring & evaluation. It is envisaged that, over time, the international community of mobility practitioners will add to the content of the online Glossary and produce versions in different languages.
A simple structure has been followed so that users can search for words, terms and abbreviations in a standard alphabetic format. For each Glossary term, the following information is provided:
• a general definition and, where available, a specific definition relating to transport and mobility planning;
• an explanation of why the term is relevant to sustainable urban mobility planning; and
• references to sources.
The preparation of the Glossary, including the selection of terms and drafting of definitions, has been informed by a review of relevant reports, guidance documents and existing glossaries. The key reference is the European Union “Guidelines - Developing and implementing a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan” prepared for the EC’s Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE) programme by Rupprecht Consult (January 2014) and therefore this has not been identified as a source throughout the document. The outputs of the CH4LLENGE project have also provided a principal source of information and the official documents can be found at www.sump-challenges.eu.

Please note that not all the explanatory text is taken directly from the listed sources. The authors have sought to take established definitions and information as the basis and explain these in simple terms and relate them to the context of sustainable urban mobility planning where this was not previously the case.

By Admin Eltis / Updated: 02 Sep 2015

These guidelines are intended for urban transport and mobilityinfo-icon practitioners and other stakeholders involved in the development and implementation of a Sustainable Urban Mobility Planinfo-icon.

Urban mobility planning is a challenging and complex task. Planners need to manage many, sometimes conflicting demands and requirements on the local level and even beyond when it comes to contributing to European climate change and energy efficiency targets. The complexity increases in case of political change and, as is currently the case in many European countries, severe financial constraints.

A Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan contributes to reaching the European climate and energy targets set by EU leaders. It has been widely promoted by the European Commission, for example, via the Action Planinfo-icon on Urban Mobility (2009) and the Transport White Paper (2011) as a new planning concept able to address transport-related challenges and problems of urban areas in a more sustainable and integrative way. It is expected that Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans remain on the policyinfo-icon agenda of the European Commission and the Member States.

In contrast to traditional transport planning approaches, the new concept places particular emphasis on the involvement of citizens and stakeholders, the coordination of policies between sectors (transport, land use, environmentinfo-icon, economic development, social policy, health, safety, energy, etc.), between authorityinfo-icon levels and between neighbouring authorities. Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans require a long-term and sustainable visioninfo-icon for an urban area and take account of wider societal costs and benefits with the aim of “cost internalisation” and stress the importance of evaluationinfo-icon.

The guidelines are the result of a thorough and European-wide expert consultationinfo-icon process organised between 2010 and 2013 as part of a service contract for the European Commission. They define a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan as a strategic plan designed to satisfy the mobility needs of people and businesses in cities and their surroundings for a better quality of lifeinfo-icon. Such a plan should not be considered as “yet another plan”. Instead, a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan should build on existing planning practices and take due consideration of integrationinfo-icon, participationinfo-icon, and evaluation principles.

The guidelines are introducing the concept and the benefits of Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans as a new planning paradigm (Part I). They are describing and explaining the essential steps and activities to develop and ultimately implement such a plan (Part II). The guidelines are enriched by references to tools and sources of further information as well as more than 60 examples from all over Europe illustrating how individual activities of the plan development (and implementation) were carried out in practice. A complete compilation of the examples can be found in Annex C. Furthermore, Annex D offers urban transport and mobility planners a checklist of milestones to be achieved.

It is hoped that these guidelines will serve as a useful contribution to making urban areas more liveable today and in the future.