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Benefits

GLOSSARY TERMS

The aim of the SUMP Glossary is to provide a brief explanation of specialist words, terms and abbreviations relating to the subject of sustainable urban mobility planning. The Glossary has been prepared by the CH4LLENGE project and as a result, there is a particular focus on defining terms relating to the four key challenges of plan development studied by the project, namely: participation, cooperation, measure selection and monitoring & evaluation. It is envisaged that, over time, the international community of mobility practitioners will add to the content of the online Glossary and produce versions in different languages.
A simple structure has been followed so that users can search for words, terms and abbreviations in a standard alphabetic format. For each Glossary term, the following information is provided:
• a general definition and, where available, a specific definition relating to transport and mobility planning;
• an explanation of why the term is relevant to sustainable urban mobility planning; and
• references to sources.
The preparation of the Glossary, including the selection of terms and drafting of definitions, has been informed by a review of relevant reports, guidance documents and existing glossaries. The key reference is the European Union “Guidelines - Developing and implementing a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan” prepared for the EC’s Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE) programme by Rupprecht Consult (January 2014) and therefore this has not been identified as a source throughout the document. The outputs of the CH4LLENGE project have also provided a principal source of information and the official documents can be found at www.sump-challenges.eu.

Please note that not all the explanatory text is taken directly from the listed sources. The authors have sought to take established definitions and information as the basis and explain these in simple terms and relate them to the context of sustainable urban mobility planning where this was not previously the case.

By Admin Eltis / Updated: 11 Nov 2015

A common challenge for planners in local administrations is to convince decision makers of the added value of a Sustainable Urban Mobility Planinfo-icon. Below are ten main arguments for this approach:

 

1. Improving quality of lifeinfo-icon

There is strong evidence that sustainable urban mobilityinfo-icon planning raises the quality of life in an urban area. Well-coordinated policies, as defined by a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan, result in a wide range of benefits, such as more attractive public spaces, improved road safety, better health, and less air and noise pollution.

 

2. Saving costs - creating economic benefits

Mobility is a major enabler for a local economy. A healthier environmentinfo-icon and reduced congestion helps to substantially reduce costs to the local community and attract new businesses. In the global and national competition of urban centres, a well organised and sustainable city is also a more attractive city for investors. A sustainable city simply has a much better “business case” than a city without a clear forward-looking mobility policyinfo-icon.

 

3. Contributing to better health and environment

More sustainable mobility directly translates into better air quality and less noise. Travelling more actively (by walking and cycling more often) is good for citizens’ health. For a city it clearly pays off to invest in less noise and better air quality in the medium to long term. Cities need to play their part in reducing greenhouse gases in the transport sector. Sustainable urban mobility planning is a core element of any climate policy.

 

4. 1. Making mobility seamless and improving access

Sustainable urban mobility planning is an excellent toolinfo-icon to create multi-modal door-to-door transport solutions. Bringing different actors together ensures that particular access needs of citizens and businesses are effectively provided for.

 

5. Making more effective use of limited resources

At a time when financial resources are limited, it is even more important to ensure that the solutions adopted make the most cost-effective use of the funds available. Sustainable urban mobility planning changes the focus from road-based infrastructure to a balanced mix of measures including lower cost mobility management measures.

Adopting the polluter-pays principle also introduces an additional revenue stream which can be used to finance alternatives to car use.

 

6. Winning public support

Involvement of stakeholders and citizens is a basic principle of a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan. A city government that shows that it cares about what its citizens need and want and that involves its stakeholders appropriately is in a much better position to obtain a high level of “public legitimacy” it reduces the risk of opposition to the implementation of ambitious policies.

 

7. Preparing better plans

Planners, especially when traditionally focused on developing infrastructure, can better understand the mobility needs of different user groups when receiving early feedback. Stakeholders sometimes come up with very effective solutions, because they may be more familiar with a specific situation.

An integrated and interdisciplinaryinfo-icon approach to planning (with different departments bringing in their expertise) helps to put a mobility plan on a broader basis. It ensures that the plan fosters a balanced development of all relevant transport modes, while encouraging a shift towards more sustainable modes. It thereby caters for all users with regards to their access and mobility needs.

 

8. Fulfilling legal obligations effectively

Cities have to meet many, sometimes competing legal requirements. The legal obligations for air quality improvement and noise abatement are only two examples of a range of national and European regulations. A Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan offers an effective way to respond through one comprehensive strategyinfo-icon.

 

9. Using synergies, increasing relevance

Urban mobility problems often span administrative boundaries, relate to multiple policy areas or concern a wide range of departments and institutions. Sustainable urban mobility planning seeks solutions for the “functioning city” with its connections to surrounding areas and the national and European transport network. A Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan inspires a collaborative planning culture across different policy areas and sectors and between different governanceinfo-icon levels within the “functioning city”. This cooperative planning culture supports the finding of solutions that reflect the connected nature of urban mobility.

 

10. Moving towards a new mobility culture

As examples of many cities show, the outcome of continued sustainable urban mobility planning is a common visioninfo-icon of a new mobility culture: a vision, that is agreed by the major political groups and shared by the institutions and citizens of an urban society; a vision that goes beyond electoral cycles and that can include less attractive elements when they provide long-term benefits.