Measures need to contribute to achieving the vision, objectives and targets. A set of options needs to be identified that realistically fits with the available resources. The first step is about gaining an overview of possible measures. Measures should be considered in “packages” rather than in isolation so as to take into account potential synergies.
- Identify options of suitable measures and their integration.
- Get an overview of different options that contribute to the vision, objectives and targets.
- Re-assess the resource framework for measure implementation.
- Identify options of packages of measures.
- Make sure that the measures connect to the objectives.
- Assess the likely effectiveness of measures.
Details on the tasks
Policy challenges in urban transport and possible responses (from CiViTAS-CATALIST project)
The following typology of urban policy challenges and possible response measures was developed in ‘A Guide for Urban Transport Professionals’ by the CiViTAS-CATALIST project, which supports dissemination and best practice transfer of the European Commission’s CiViTAS initiative.
Health – How to create a healthy environment for citizens
Congestion – How to create an economically viable and accessible city
Safety and security – How to ensure a safe and secure urban environment and mobility
Participation – How to involve citizens and other urban mobility stakeholders
Strategic planning – How to achieve policy goals while ensuring that mobility needs of society and its citizens are met
Climate change – How to reduce climate change-related emissions from urban transport to contribute to achieving local, national and global climate change goals (as an additional and underlying global challenge to be considered in urban mobility policies.
Measure fields /Solutions:
a. Clean vehicles and fuels
b. Urban freight
c. Demand management strategies (access restrictions, environmental zones, congestion charging)
d. Mobility management (mobility agencies, ecopoints system rewarding the use of public transport and other sustainable mobility options instead of the private car)
e. Collective passenger transport (new forms of public transport services, access for elderly and disabled passengers, integration of modes)
f. Transport telematics (e-ticketing, traffic management and control, travel and passenger information)
g. Less car dependent mobility options (car sharing, carpooling, walking and cycling)
It is important to remember that addressing urban mobility challenges requires the implementation of integrated packages of measures (solutions) as opposed to single, isolated measures. The strongest connections between measure fields /solutions and urban mobility challenges are illustrated in the matrix in the next page.
Source: CiViTAS-CATALIST Project: CiViTAS Guide for the Urban Transport Professional – Results and Lessons of Long-Term Evaluation of the CIVITAS Initiative, 2012; www.civitas.eu/guide_ebook/index.php and www.civitas-initiative.eu/docs/2086/CIVITAS_Guide_For_The_Urban_Transpor...
Activities beyond essential requirements
- Discuss option selection with key stakeholders.
Timing and coordination
- After targets have been defined.
- Done in parallel with > Activity 6.2 Learn from others’ experience
||Framework of resources re-assessed.
||Options of possible measures defined and summarised.
For more information
Possible measures – useful sources
There is a wide range of possible measures. This means that identifying the most suitable measures for your local context will require some desktop work and talking with members of the project team as well as stakeholders.
You may want to consult online databases and documents that provide an overview of possible measures that may match your objectives:
Good practice databases
- BESTFACT portal of freight transport best practices, contacts and policies, www.bestfact.net
- Eltis portal on urban mobility, www.eltis.org
- CiViTAS website, www.civitas.eu
- EPOMM, European Platform on Mobility Management, www.epomm.eu
- SMILE, Sustainable Mobility Initiatives for Local Environment, www.smile-europe.org
- SUGAR, Sustainable Urban Goods Logistics Achieved by Regional and Local Policies, www.sugarlogistics.eu
Documents with reference to effective measures for sustainable urban mobility planning:
- European Commission, DG Environment, Sustainable Urban Transport Plans. Preparatory document in relation to the follow-up of the Thematic Strategy on the Urban Environment, 2006. Supplemented by an annex on best practice examples and useful references. 2007, http://ec.europa.eu/environment/urban/urban_transport.htm
- Department for Transport (UK), Guidance on Local Transport Plans, 2009. Final guidance to support local transport authorities in developing and delivering their transport plan. See Annex E – Possible Measures for Meeting Goals. (16 July 2009). http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20110509101621/
- BUSTRIP Project 2007, Moving sustainably – Guide to Sustainable Urban Transport Plans (online tool, see section “Better mobility”)
- Sustainable Urban Transport Plans (SUTP) and urban environment: Policies, effects, and simulations. Review of European references regarding noise, air quality and CO2 emissions (October 2005), http://ec.europa.eu/environment/urban/urban_transport.htm
- BESTUFS - Best Urban Freight Solutions Project, BESTUFS Good Practice Guide on Urban Freight Solutions (2007), available in 17 languages under www.bestufs.net/gp_guide.html
Dundee, Scotland: Use of a simple model
In developing its first Local Transport Strategy in 2000, the City of Dundee used the Transport Research Laboratory’s Transport Policy Model – which requires only very basic inputs – to assess what could be achieved by the measures that it was considering. This allowed it to select the most appropriate measures and to set meaningful targets.
Source: Tom Rye, Lund University, based on www.dundeecity.gov.uk/dundeecity/uploaded_publications/publication_1418.pdf, p. 71