Lille, France: Stakeholder and citizen involvement
Lille can be considered a typical example of stakeholder and citizen involvement in France. In the year 2000, the conurbation of Lille, today a grouping of 85 municipalities, adopted its first Plan de Déplacement Urbain (PDU, = Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan). Before the adoption of a draft plan by its political council, it set up several thematic working groups of local stakeholders and relevant authorities (e.g. local representation of the state, region, department, local municipalities and local chamber of commerce). The general public was involved through the organisation of a mobility forum as well as a set of so called “mardi du PDU” (“SUMP Tuesdays”). During these open debate sessions, the general public and different associations had the opportunity to discuss the different themes and parts of the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan with the political representatives of the conurbation and involved technicians. The final Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan was adopted after the legally required public enquiry and integration of the resulting small improvements in the plan.
Source: Rupprecht Consult based on Communauté Urbaine Lille Métropole, PDU, June 2003; Communauté Urbaine Lille Métropole, Projet de PDU, April 2009; www.lillemetropole.fr
Valdemoro, Spain: Informing the public
The municipality of Valdemoro accompanied the development of its local Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan ( “Plan de Movilidad Urbana Sostenible”) by a dissemination campaign and the organisation of an exhibition “Cada paso cuenta. Ven a verlo” (“Each step is important. Come to see it”) with the aim of informing the population about the plan. The exhibition and the public information activities began at the same time.
Koprivnica, Croatia: Constant public engagement and information for maintained public and political support
Koprivnica is implementing a variety of sustainable urban mobility measures. The city places a lot of emphasis on engaging and informing its citizens about the implementation status – not least to maintain the support of citizens and politicians – for example by (positive) media coverage and the organisation of events such a large annual cycling festival. One of the most effective messages communicated via the media is in fact politicians riding their bicycles in front of cameras.