Definition – Targets are the expression of a goal or aim in relation to an indicator. For example, if the indicator ‘CO2 emissions from transport’ is selected within a SUMP, a target could be to reduce the C02 emissions by 30% from the current level by 2025. Each target is therefore focussed on a specific topic (e.g. modal split; road safety) and defines what should be achieved by the end of the plan period in comparison to the current situation.
SMART Target – The concept of SMART targets provides a means for setting SUMP targets that enable robust monitoring and evaluation processes. SMART targets are:
- Specific – precisely described using quantitative or qualitative terms that are understood by all stakeholders
- Measurable – the current situation has been measured and is known. Resources are also in place to measure the changes (qualitative or quantitative) that occur
- Achievable – based on the technical, operational and financial competencies available and stakeholder agreements/commitments that have been made
- Relevant – this stresses the importance of choosing targets that matter, that drive urban mobility forward and that support or are in alignment with other targets
- Time-bound – key dates for the achievement of the target are clearly defined
Relevance to SUMP – Targets represent the most concrete form of commitment in a SUMP. Setting targets is necessary to ensure that a SUMP is transparent in terms of setting clear and measurable aims for mobility, and to enable robust monitoring and evaluation processes.
Source: IEE, 2013