Definition – Intermodality (not to be confused with multimodality) relates to improving the efficiency and attractiveness of a single trip made with more than one transport mode (e.g. walking, train and bus), with the aim of offering travellers a seamless journey. This requires the creation of integrated transport systems through the harmonisation of different transport services and the creation of organised connections between different transport modes, for instance as in park and ride. Five key measures that can foster improved intermodality are: 1) conveniently located transport stations and interchanges that offer a range of options for onwards travel (e.g. public transport services, bicycle-sharing, safe walking routes etc.); 2) a comprehensive public transport, cycling and walking network; 3) intermodal journey planning software; 4) integrated ticketing and e-ticketing; 5) and pricing and demand management schemes.
Relevance to SUMP – A SUMP should seek to foster the balanced development of all relevant transport modes, while encouraging a shift towards more sustainable modes. SUMP development should therefore involve a robust appraisal of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and constraints of different transport modes. In this respect, fostering intermodality has an important role in making public transport and non-motorised transport more competitive, efficient and attractive for users. The European Commission’s Urban Mobility Package Annex ‘A concept for Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans’ identifies intermodality as one the topics that should be addressed in a SUMP. It notes that a SUMP should contribute to better integration of the different modes and should identify measures aimed specifically at facilitating seamless transitions between different modes of transport.
Source: EC, 2013; JRC, 2013; NODES, 2014; UN HABITAT, 2013