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Appraisal

GLOSSARY TERMS

The aim of the SUMP Glossary is to provide a brief explanation of specialist words, terms and abbreviations relating to the subject of sustainable urban mobility planning. The Glossary has been prepared by the CH4LLENGE project and as a result, there is a particular focus on defining terms relating to the four key challenges of plan development studied by the project, namely: participation, cooperation, measure selection and monitoring & evaluation. It is envisaged that, over time, the international community of mobility practitioners will add to the content of the online Glossary and produce versions in different languages.
A simple structure has been followed so that users can search for words, terms and abbreviations in a standard alphabetic format. For each Glossary term, the following information is provided:
• a general definition and, where available, a specific definition relating to transport and mobility planning;
• an explanation of why the term is relevant to sustainable urban mobility planning; and
• references to sources.
The preparation of the Glossary, including the selection of terms and drafting of definitions, has been informed by a review of relevant reports, guidance documents and existing glossaries. The key reference is the European Union “Guidelines - Developing and implementing a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan” prepared for the EC’s Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE) programme by Rupprecht Consult (January 2014) and therefore this has not been identified as a source throughout the document. The outputs of the CH4LLENGE project have also provided a principal source of information and the official documents can be found at www.sump-challenges.eu.

Please note that not all the explanatory text is taken directly from the listed sources. The authors have sought to take established definitions and information as the basis and explain these in simple terms and relate them to the context of sustainable urban mobility planning where this was not previously the case.

By Admin Eltis / Updated: 28 May 2019

Definition – An appraisalinfo-icon is the analytical process of judging the relative merits of strategies before they are implemented, using a structured methodology. Appraisals can involve both quantitative and qualitative approaches to analyse the likely effects of proposed policies and measures.

Multi-criteria appraisalinfo-icon refers to an appraisal of a scenarioinfo-icon or measureinfo-icon looking at more than one SUMP targetinfo-icon or policyinfo-icon sector (e.g. land use, health, safety etc.)

Relevance to SUMP – An appraisal (ex-ante evaluationinfo-icon – see evaluation) is typically conducted during SUMP development to test scenarios and assess options to understand whether potential measures will be effective and represent value for money, or whether they may need to be enhanced or adapted in some way. Appraisal methods typically include transport modelling, scenario building and multi-criteria appraisal.

In contrast to appraisal, evaluation (ex-post evaluation) takes place after implementation of a measure or an overall SUMP and is used to assess whether the measure (or SUMP) has been effective and represents value for money or whether it needs modification or enhancement.

Source: ITS Leeds KonSULT (online); CH4LLENGE 2014; EC SEA website, 2014; DfT (UK) WebTAG methodology (Transport Analysis Guidance Website).

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