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GLOSSARY TERMS

The aim of the SUMP Glossary is to provide a brief explanation of specialist words, terms and abbreviations relating to the subject of sustainable urban mobility planning. The Glossary has been prepared by the CH4LLENGE project and as a result, there is a particular focus on defining terms relating to the four key challenges of plan development studied by the project, namely: participation, cooperation, measure selection and monitoring & evaluation. It is envisaged that, over time, the international community of mobility practitioners will add to the content of the online Glossary and produce versions in different languages.
A simple structure has been followed so that users can search for words, terms and abbreviations in a standard alphabetic format. For each Glossary term, the following information is provided:
• a general definition and, where available, a specific definition relating to transport and mobility planning;
• an explanation of why the term is relevant to sustainable urban mobility planning; and
• references to sources.
The preparation of the Glossary, including the selection of terms and drafting of definitions, has been informed by a review of relevant reports, guidance documents and existing glossaries. The key reference is the European Union “Guidelines - Developing and implementing a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan” prepared for the EC’s Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE) programme by Rupprecht Consult (January 2014) and therefore this has not been identified as a source throughout the document. The outputs of the CH4LLENGE project have also provided a principal source of information and the official documents can be found at www.sump-challenges.eu.

Please note that not all the explanatory text is taken directly from the listed sources. The authors have sought to take established definitions and information as the basis and explain these in simple terms and relate them to the context of sustainable urban mobility planning where this was not previously the case.

Par Admin Eltis / Mis à jour: 28 May 2019

Definition - In the context of SUMP, the term measureinfo-icon refers to a policyinfo-icon, campaign or project that is implemented to contribute to the achievement of the SUMP’s objectives and targets. The term “policy instrument” is sometimes used interchangeably with measure, to describe the specific means through which policies are implemented (e.g. lower bus fares, road pricing etc.). The range of measure types continues to expand and therefore categories have been devised to aid practitioners. To provide an illustration, the KonSULT Policy Guidebook and Measure Option Generator identifies six main categories of measures:

·    Attitudinal and behavioural measures

·    Information measures

·    Infrastructure measuresinfo-icon

·    Management of the infrastructure

·    Land use measuresinfo-icon

·    Pricing 

In order to achieve greater benefits than could be achieved by implementing one measure alone, it is possible to create packages of measures so that complementarityinfo-icon and synergies occur.

Attitudinal and behavioural measures

Attitudinal and behavioural measures is a collective term for a range of measures that promote sustainable mobilityinfo-icon through management and marketing approaches rather than the provision of physical “hard” infrastructure. They are also referred to as demand managementinfo-icon, mobility management measures and “soft” measures.

Information provisioninfo-icon

Information provision is a collective term for a series of measures that enable travellers to make more informed decisions about how, when, where and whether to travel.

Infrastructure measures

Infrastructure measures is a collective term referring to a series of “hard” infrastructure investments to provide new walking, cycling, public transport or road infrastructure.

Land use measures

Land use measures is a collective term referring to a series of policy measure that can be pursued within a SUMP (and within the public authorityinfo-icon’s related spatial/land use plan) that can contribute to the regular use and attractiveness of sustainable transport modes.

Management of the infrastructure

This category contains a broad range of measures relating to the physical modification and enhancement of existing infrastructure, as well as improvements to the way existing infrastructure is managed and operated.

Pricing instrumentsinfo-icon

Pricing instruments is a collective term for a series of policies and measures intended to influence transport choices through financial incentives and disincentives. The KonSULT toolinfo-icon provides information and guidance relating to the following pricing instruments: vehicle ownershipinfo-icon taxes, fuel taxes, parking charges, road user charging, fare levels, fare structures, concessionary fares and integrated ticketing.

Relevance to SUMP - The development of an effective package of measures is at the core of the SUMP approach, which encourages a balanced development of all transport modes through actions that include technical, promotional and marketing-based measures as well as infrastructure. Well selected (packages of) measures are needed to ensure that the SUMP objectives and targets are met, but too often cities limit themselves to familiar solutions. It is therefore recommended that cities undertake a structured, but open-minded approach to appraising which measures will be most effective in a particular context. The measure categories and measures set out in the KonSULT Policy Guidebook and Measure Option Generator provide a good resourceinfo-icon when identifying and weighing the advantages and disadvantages of possible solutions.

Source: ITS Leeds KonSULT (online)

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