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GLOSSARY TERMS

The aim of the SUMP Glossary is to provide a brief explanation of specialist words, terms and abbreviations relating to the subject of sustainable urban mobility planning. The Glossary has been prepared by the CH4LLENGE project and as a result, there is a particular focus on defining terms relating to the four key challenges of plan development studied by the project, namely: participation, cooperation, measure selection and monitoring & evaluation. It is envisaged that, over time, the international community of mobility practitioners will add to the content of the online Glossary and produce versions in different languages.
A simple structure has been followed so that users can search for words, terms and abbreviations in a standard alphabetic format. For each Glossary term, the following information is provided:
• a general definition and, where available, a specific definition relating to transport and mobility planning;
• an explanation of why the term is relevant to sustainable urban mobility planning; and
• references to sources.
The preparation of the Glossary, including the selection of terms and drafting of definitions, has been informed by a review of relevant reports, guidance documents and existing glossaries. The key reference is the European Union “Guidelines - Developing and implementing a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan” prepared for the EC’s Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE) programme by Rupprecht Consult (January 2014) and therefore this has not been identified as a source throughout the document. The outputs of the CH4LLENGE project have also provided a principal source of information and the official documents can be found at www.sump-challenges.eu.

Please note that not all the explanatory text is taken directly from the listed sources. The authors have sought to take established definitions and information as the basis and explain these in simple terms and relate them to the context of sustainable urban mobility planning where this was not previously the case.

Par Admin Eltis / Mis à jour: 28 May 2019

Definition – Indicators enable us to measureinfo-icon the performance of a plan and therefore provide a basis for its evaluationinfo-icon. An indicatorinfo-icon is a clearly-defined set of datainfo-icon that can be measured to allow for the monitoringinfo-icon of progress towards the achievement of a particular targetinfo-icon. For example, “road accident numbers per kilometre and year” is one indicator of highway safety. Indicators can be qualitative or quantitative and absolute or relative. Based on the literature (e.g. DISTILLATE, 2005; AECOM, 2009), a distinction is made between the following categories of indicators, which help us to measure and monitor different aspects of SUMP implementation:

  • Input indicator - resources required to provide a service or product (e.g. personnel and planning costs)
  • Process indicator - the way the service is produced (e.g. public or private)
  • Output indicator - the services, products or results (e.g. number of cycle lane km built)
  • Outcome indicator - the impact or final results (e.g. clean air)
  • Efficiency indicator – ratio of input/output
  • Effectiveness indicator – ratio of input/goals
  • Context indicator – reflecting the state of the economic, social or environmental situation of the SUMP area
  • Transport activity indicator – transport indicators typically cover transport vehicles (types and age); modal split and quantities of freight transport; modal split and quantities of passenger transport; transport safety; transport infrastructure quantities and standards; and transport-related energy use and emissions.

Relevance to SUMP – During SUMP preparation it is necessary to identify an indicator set that enables both an analysis of the existing mobilityinfo-icon situation and of progress towards achieving targets to be monitored during implementation. Where possible, indicators should be selected that enable integrated monitoring with other departments and organisations, as well as a comparison at the regional, national or European level.

Source: ADVANCE, 2013; CH4LLENGE 2014; DISTILLATE 2005; AECOM 2009

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