The EU awards grants to organisations and, occasionally, individuals, to help them carry out projects that further its policies and objectives. Grants are usually in the form of complementary financing meaning that the beneficiary organisation will also have to put up a percentage of the funding for their project.
Loans, guarantees and equity
The EU provides loans, guarantees and equity as forms of financial assistance to support its policies and programmes.
Prizes and awards
Prizes are rewards to winners of contests under a range of EU initiatives.
The Commission uses public contracts to buy services, works and goods from the market for its internal use. They are selected via calls for tenders and not considered a form of EU funding.