These guidelines are aimed at practitioners in urban transport and mobility, as well as other stakeholders who would be involved in the development and implementation of a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans.
The guidelines describe the process of how to prepare a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan. This process consists of eleven main steps made up of 32 activities. They should be taken as part of a regular planning cycle in the sense of a continuous improvement process.
Each step and the associated activities are presented in detail in this guidance document, including information about:
- The rationale of the activity, i.e. the fundamental reasons for conducting the activity, issues to be addressed, and questions to which responses are needed;
- Specific aims of the activity to be performed;
- Main tasks to be completed;
- Activities beyond the essential requirements, for cities and regions that have already reached an advanced level of urban mobility planning;
- Timing and coordination requirements with other activities; as well as
- A checklist of milestones to be achieved.
It needs to be stressed that the timing of the different activities provides a logical rather than a sequential structure. In practice, activities may run partially in parallel or include feedback loops. The section on “timing and coordination” for each activity highlights crucial aspects in this regard.
The following page includes a graphical overview of the planning cycle followed by a detailed description of all steps and activities of developing and implementing a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan.
The guidelines include good practice examples, tools and references to support users in the development and implementation of a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan.
Good practice examples are taken from urban mobility plans from across Europe. They may not necessarily fulfil all requirements of a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan as presented in these guidelines. However, they are useful to illustrate activities (e.g. citizen involvement when designing specific measures) that are part of the process of developing and implementing a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan.
The aim is to provide a portfolio of examples from different European regions to show that good planning approaches are possible in different contexts. Many of the good practice examples also illustrate advanced planning activities. Additional examples of good practice can be found at /discover/case-studies.
Planning cycle for a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan
Compiled with the input of experts on urban transport and mobility planning from across Europe, the guidelines reflect a wide range of experiences. The guidelines, however, need interpretation in the local context, which may lead to approaches that are somewhat different from those described in this document.
The guidelines do not give detailed technical guidance, but focus on the process of developing and implementing a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan.
Steps and Activities
It should be clear from the outset that urban transport and mobility is not an end in itself but should contribute to higher goals, such as quality of life and well-being of the citizens. This should be the starting point for developing a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan. Depending on the national context, a legal obligation can also be the driving force for developing a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan.
Nevertheless real commitment is needed to make it a truly sustainable and effective plan. If there is no “champion” available on the local level, it can be hard work to convince the right politicians to become supporters of developing a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan. This requires compiling good arguments.
A starting point could be to show the challenges and problems the city faces if nothing is changed, to stress the benefits generated by a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan and to highlight the fact that good results are recognised by the voters (e.g. pointing to other cities that have applied sustainable urban mobility planning). This is particularly challenging as the full impact of a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan only becomes visible after a longer time-span than the electoral cycle. It may be helpful to point to the option of including “quick win” solutions in the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan, which may help to generate a positive response among citizens and other stakeholders in the short-term.