The project team will have the task to compile the final draft of the plan document. To ensure that the previous agreements are well reflected, drafts of the document need to be reviewed internally and by important external stakeholders.
- Ensure high quality of the SUMP document.
- Ensure that views of key stakeholders have been taken sufficiently into account in the document.
- Look at the whole plan and check quality and potential for effective outcomes.
- Make final amendments in cooperation with key stakeholders.
Activities beyond essential requirements
- Include external reviewers with experience on sustainable urban mobility planning to check quality of plan document.
Timing and coordination
- Quality check when advanced draft of plan document is available.
|Final draft of Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan compiled.|
|Internal and stakeholder review completed.|
|Final amendments completed.|
Lille, France: Plan structure
The Plan de Déplacements Urbains (PDU) of the agglomeration of Lille includes a total of 170 actions defined and structured along six axes:
The Plan de déplacements urbains (PDU) of the agglomeration of Lille includes a total of 170 actions defined and structured along the following six axes:
1) An “intensive city” and mobility
Within the first axis, the agglomeration of Lille promotes sustainable development and urban forms through a better integration of the different elements in policy making and urban design. It also passes through the expansion of a network of heavy public transport as the backbone of urban development. Lille envisages developing so-called micro-PDUs in specific areas, as well as a number of actions, such as the construction of eco-neighbourhoods, to serve as models.
2) A network of public transport
The agglomeration of Lille will invest heavily in the reinforcement of its present public transport infrastructure. This should allow for intermodality and better connections with other jurisdictions, yet also allow for a more complete service to the users.
3) Sharing the street, alternative modes
The third axis combines a set of activities that should incite a more reasonable use of the private car. This should be done by creating a distribution of road space in favour of the sustainable modes. This translates into an objective to better structure the road network and to optimise existing roads. Walking will be promoted as a mode through an integrated pedestrian network. The metropolitan area has also adopted ambitious plans in relation to cycling. Parking strategies will be in line with the PDU objectives.
4) Freight transport
Actions on freight transport in the metropolitan area of Lille are based on a report produced earlier. Although freight transport is crucial to the economic life of a city, it is also a source of congestion and emissions. The authorities will first search for alternatives to freight transport by road. This will be done through the development of a global strategy, reinforcement of intermodality and clearer integration of the issue of transport in the promotion of economic activities. Specific attention will be paid to urban freight transport. A specific strategy will be developed and a number of experiments will be executed in a coordinated manner.
5) Environment, health and the safety of citizens
To better integrate environmental issues in urban planning documents, an environmental impact assessment became obligatory for all PDUs after the adoption of the European Directive 2001/42/ CE in French law in 2005. Following this assessment, a number of direct objectives and actions were defined that are combined in the 5th axis of Lille’s PDU, environment, health and safety of citizens. It intends first to reduce energy consumption and the atmospheric impacts of mobility and transport on the environment and on health. It will also take a number of actions to reduce road noise pollution, will adopt a cross-cutting environmental strategy in the development of its metropolitan policies, and will create a safe environment for the users of the mobility services.
Evaluating and measuring the impact of transport policies implemented via the Lille Métropole PDU requires appropriate observation and evaluation tools. The aim is to share the values of the PDU within the territory and beyond and to monitor and evaluate the implementation of the different actions and mobility strategies. The scheduled actions will be transferred into all other local urban planning documents; the public will be kept involved via “action committees”; company travel plans agreed with major local travel generators will reduce the rush-hour congestion problems; via mobility observations a PDU monitoring committee will analyse evolving travel behaviour and monitor the implementation of the PDU.
This action program is accompanied by a preliminary estimate of the costs.
The connections between the different modes of travels, the citizens that realise them, freight transport, and the space in which transport takes place together require an integrated mobility and transport policy, articulated by the city and its citizens.
Table of Contents (Project de PDU Lille)
The objectives of the PDU
The PDU in actions
Axis 1: An “intensive city” and mobility
Axis 2: A network of public transport
Axis 3: Sharing the street, sustainable modes
Axis 4: Freight transport
Axis 5: Environment, health and the safety of citizens
Axis 6: Realisation, monitoring and evaluation
Planning and financial estimates
Source: Rupprecht Consult, based on Lille PDU, www.lillemetropole.fr