A plan must relate testglossary to a specific territory for which it is performed. The most suitable spatial coverage needs to be agreed on by the stakeholders concerned. On the one audit, this should take account of the area for which the respective local or regional authorities are responsible. On the other hand, this should take account of the actual mobility patterns, ideally by covering the functioning agglomeration (i.e. the travel to work area) and by considering the importance of linking the local transport network to long-distance transport corridors. Ensuring a seamless integration of long-distance connections (e.g. Trans-European Networks – TENs) with the last urban mile is also crucial for the competitiveness of urban agglomerations. Audit political-level agreement on a suitable planning perimeter and responsibilities is an essential requirement for sustainable urban mobility planning.
- Define the planning perimeter, ideally integrating functional spatial interdependencies and traffic flows (e.g. travel to work area).
- Identify the appropriate body/bodies to take leadership in the planning process baseline.
- Obtain a decision at the political level to approve the geographical coverage and the lead organisation.
- Ensure that the connection to long-distance transport corridors is also on the agenda within the plan’s activities.
- Analyse transport patterns and organisational perimeters. Include also links to long-distance transport corridors.
- Involve key stakeholders and authorities within the envisaged planning perimeter and strive for formal agreements on geographical scope of planning activities.
- Take an open and transparent approach from the outset, securing the involvement of all authorities concerned.
- Ensure regular communication and exchange between relevant authorities.
- Negotiate overall responsibility for the plan.
- If it is not fully possible to define the planning perimeter oriented at the functioning urban agglomeration, at least strive for good co-operation with all actors on challenges that can only be dealt with at urban agglomeration level. This can build on existing cooperation or involve new practices (e.g. formal procedures such as joint land-use plans or informal procedures such as working groups).
Activities beyond essential requirements
- Create a strong cross-authority team of permanent staff, reporting regularly to all key decision-makers and politicians.
- Ensure coverage of all areas linked to major socioeconomic and environmental transport impacts.
Timing and coordination
- From the outset – agreement is required before initiating the official sustainable urban mobility planning process.
|Most appropriate Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan area identified.|
|Agreement achieved on geographical coverage.|
|Agreement achieved on the basic roles and responsibilities of authorities and politicians.|
|Planning team created.|
|Political agreement signed and adopted by all municipal council.|
England: joint local transport plans
In England, the Local Transport Plan (LTP) is a statutory requirement established by the Transport Act 2000. The responsibility for production and delivery of the LTP falls to the Strategic Transport Authority which may be a County Council, Unitary Authority, London Borough Council or Integrated Transport Authority.
The West Midlands Local Transport Plan 2011-2016 as well as the West Yorkshire Local Transport Plan Partnership are vivid examples of institutional cooperation in sustainable urban mobility planning.
France: plans de déplacements urbains (PDUS)
The development of PDUs is well embedded in the urban planning culture of France. The entity responsible for the elaboration of these mobility plans is the urban transport authority (Autorité organisatrice de transport urbain (AOTU)). This is often a metropolitan authority, a public transport authority or in some cases an individual municipality. The geographical scope is limited by the public transport service area. In around 80% of the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans, the plan is developed and managed by a metropolitan authority.
Source: Rupprecht Consult, based on «Plan de Déplacements Urbains»: Panorama 2009, GART, Paris, April 2010 (p. 9).
Brussels, Belgium: expert helps companies to think outside the box
The Port of Brussels hired an in-house transport expert to help companies using the waterway or wanting to use the waterway with advice and useful information in view of organising their transport flows differently and achieving a modal shift to more environmentally friendly modes of transport.
In England, a Local Transport Plan (LTP) is a statutory requirement established by the Transport Act 2000. The responsibility for production and delivery of the LTP falls to the Strategic Transport Authority which may be a County Council, Unitary Authority, London Borough Council or Integrated Transport Authority (ITA). Integrated Transport Authorities serve the six largest Metropolitan Areas outside of London (Greater Manchester, Merseyside, South Yorkshire, Tyne and Wear, West Midlands and West Yorkshire). Joint LTPs do not need to follow administrative boundaries but may take economic areas into account and reflect commuter flows and travel patterns. The West Midlands Local Transport Plan 2011-2016 as well as the West Yorkshire Local Transport Plan Partnership are vivid examples of institutional cooperation in sustainable urban mobility planning.
The West Midlands Local Transport Plan 2011 - 2026 is a statutory document centred on the city of Birmingham which looks at the transport needs of the Metropolitan Area and sets out a way forward to deliver them through short, medium and long-term transport solutions. The LTP sets out how the transport network can play its part in the transformation of the West Midlands economy. The LTP was developed by Centro, the West Midlands Integrated Transport Authority in partnership with the seven West Midlands Local Authorities, Birmingham, Coventry, Dudley, Sandwell, Solihull, Walsall and Wolverhampton.
For details see: www.centro.org.uk/LTP/LTP.aspx
The West Yorkshire Local Transport Plan Partnership developed a 15-year LTP covering the period 2011 to 2026. The plan has been produced by the West Yorkshire Integrated Transport Authority and West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive, operating under the name Metro, in partnership with the five West Yorkshire District Councils of Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees, Leeds and Wakefield totalling about 400 politicians. Each district’s highway, land use and economy department advises the Councils on the LTP. The plan reflects national policy from Central Government, but also the Leeds City Region Transport Strategy and regional geographical and economic priorities. The plan was also shaped by transport operators, the Highways Agency, Network Rail, businesses, members of the public and others that were consulted during the preparation phase.
For details see: West Yorkshire Local Transport Plan 2011-2026, www.wyltp.com/NR/rdonlyres/1CF40EA9-62D8-4611-964E-C6D1B663628E/0/20121003LTPFullStrategy.pdf