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Activity 2.1: Look beyond your own boundaries and responsibilities

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GLOSSARY TERMS

The aim of the SUMP Glossary is to provide a brief explanation of specialist words, terms and abbreviations relating to the subject of sustainable urban mobility planning. The Glossary has been prepared by the CH4LLENGE project and as a result, there is a particular focus on defining terms relating to the four key challenges of plan development studied by the project, namely: participation, cooperation, measure selection and monitoring & evaluation. It is envisaged that, over time, the international community of mobility practitioners will add to the content of the online Glossary and produce versions in different languages.
A simple structure has been followed so that users can search for words, terms and abbreviations in a standard alphabetic format. For each Glossary term, the following information is provided:
• a general definition and, where available, a specific definition relating to transport and mobility planning;
• an explanation of why the term is relevant to sustainable urban mobility planning; and
• references to sources.
The preparation of the Glossary, including the selection of terms and drafting of definitions, has been informed by a review of relevant reports, guidance documents and existing glossaries. The key reference is the European Union “Guidelines - Developing and implementing a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan” prepared for the EC’s Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE) programme by Rupprecht Consult (January 2014) and therefore this has not been identified as a source throughout the document. The outputs of the CH4LLENGE project have also provided a principal source of information and the official documents can be found at www.sump-challenges.eu.

Please note that not all the explanatory text is taken directly from the listed sources. The authors have sought to take established definitions and information as the basis and explain these in simple terms and relate them to the context of sustainable urban mobility planning where this was not previously the case.

Por Admin Eltis / Actualizado: 12 Nov 2015

Rationaleinfo-icon

A plan must relate testglossary to a specific territory for which it is performed. The most suitable spatial coverage needs to be agreed on by the stakeholders concerned. On the one auditinfo-icon, this should take account of the area for which the respective local or regional authorities are responsible. On the other hand, this should take account of the actual mobilityinfo-icon patterns, ideally by covering the functioning agglomeration (i.e. the travel to work area) and by considering the importance of linking the local transport network to long-distance transport corridors. Ensuring a seamless integrationinfo-icon of long-distance connections (e.g. Trans-European Networks – TENs) with the last urban mile is also crucial for the competitiveness of urban agglomerations. Audit political-level agreement on a suitable planning perimeter and responsibilities is an essential requirement for sustainable urban mobility planning.

 

Aims

  • Define the planning perimeter, ideally integrating functional spatial interdependencies and traffic flows (e.g. travel to work area).
  • Identify the appropriate body/bodies to take leadershipinfo-icon in the planning process baselineinfo-icon.
  • Obtain a decision at the political level to approve the geographical coverage and the lead organisation.
  • Ensure that the connection to long-distance transport corridors is also on the agenda within the plan’s activities.

 

 Tasks

  • Analyse transport patterns and organisational perimeters. Include also links to long-distance transport corridors.
  • Involve key stakeholders and authorities within the envisaged planning perimeter and strive for formal agreements on geographical scope of planning activities.
  • Take an open and transparent approach from the outset, securing the involvement of all authorities concerned.
  • Ensure regular communication and exchange between relevant authorities.
  • Negotiate overall responsibility for the plan.
  • If it is not fully possible to define the planning perimeter oriented at the functioning urban agglomeration, at least strive for good co-operation with all actors on challenges that can only be dealt with at urban agglomeration level. This can build on existing cooperation or involve new practices (e.g. formal procedures such as joint land-use plans or informal procedures such as working groups).

 

Activities beyond essential requirements

  • Create a strong cross-authorityinfo-icon team of permanent staff, reporting regularly to all key decision-makers and politicians.
  • Ensure coverage of all areas linked to major socioeconomic and environmental transport impacts.

 

Timing and coordination

  • From the outset – agreement is required before initiating the official sustainable urban mobility planning process.

 

Checklist

Most appropriate Sustainable Urban Mobility Planinfo-icon area identified.
Agreement achieved on geographical coverage.
Agreement achieved on the basic roles and responsibilities of authorities and politicians.
Planning team created.
Political agreement signed and adopted by all municipal council.

 

Examples

England: joint local transport plans

In England, the Local Transport Plan (LTP) is a statutory requirement established by the Transport Act 2000. The responsibility for production and delivery of the LTP falls to the Strategic Transport Authority which may be a County Council, Unitary Authority, London Borough Council or Integrated Transport Authority.

The West Midlands Local Transport Plan 2011-2016 as well as the West Yorkshire Local Transport Plan Partnership are vivid examples of institutional cooperation in sustainable urban mobility planning.

 

France: plans de déplacements urbains (PDUS)

The development of PDUs is well embedded in the urban planning culture of France. The entity responsible for the elaboration of these mobility plans is the urban transport authority (Autorité organisatrice de transport urbain (AOTU)). This is often a metropolitan authority, a public transport authority or in some cases an individual municipality. The geographical scope is limited by the public transport service area. In around 80% of the Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans, the plan is developed and managed by a metropolitan authority.

Source: Rupprecht Consult, based on «Plan de Déplacements Urbains»: Panorama 2009, GART, Paris, April 2010 (p. 9).

 

Brussels, Belgium: expert helps companies to think outside the box

The Port of Brussels hired an in-house transport expert to help companies using the waterway or wanting to use the waterway with advice and useful information in view of organising their transport flows differently and achieving a modal shift to more environmentally friendly modes of transport.

Source: www.portdebruxelles.be/fr/61/Expert-en-transport

More info: 

England: Joint local transport plans

In England, a Local Transport Plan (LTP) is a statutory requirement established by the Transport Act 2000. The responsibility for production and delivery of the LTP falls to the Strategic Transport Authorityinfo-icon which may be a County Council, Unitary Authority, London Borough Council or Integrated Transport Authority (ITA). Integrated Transport Authorities serve the six largest Metropolitan Areasinfo-icon outside of London (Greater Manchester, Merseyside, South Yorkshire, Tyne and Wear, West Midlands and West Yorkshire). Joint LTPs do not need to follow administrative boundaries but may take economic areas into account and reflect commuter flows and travel patterns. The West Midlands Local Transport Plan 2011-2016 as well as the West Yorkshire Local Transport Plan Partnership are vivid examples of institutional cooperation in sustainable urban mobilityinfo-icon planning.

England: West Midlands local transport plan

The West Midlands Local Transport Plan 2011 - 2026 is a statutory document centred on the city of Birmingham which looks at the transport needs of the Metropolitan Area and sets out a way forward to deliver them through short, medium and long-term transport solutions. The LTP sets out how the transport network can play its part in the transformation of the West Midlands economy. The LTP was developed by Centro, the West Midlands Integrated Transport Authorityinfo-icon in partnership with the seven West Midlands Local Authorities, Birmingham, Coventry, Dudley, Sandwell, Solihull, Walsall and Wolverhampton.

For details see: www.centro.org.uk/LTP/LTP.aspx

England: West Yorkshire local transport plan

The West Yorkshire Local Transport Plan Partnership developed a 15-year LTP covering the period 2011 to 2026. The plan has been produced by the West Yorkshire Integrated Transport Authorityinfo-icon and West Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive, operating under the name Metro, in partnership with the five West Yorkshire District Councils of Bradford, Calderdale, Kirklees, Leeds and Wakefield totalling about 400 politicians. Each district’s highway, land use and economy department advises the Councils on the LTP. The plan reflects national policyinfo-icon from Central Government, but also the Leeds City Region Transport Strategyinfo-icon and regional geographical and economic priorities. The plan was also shaped by transport operators, the Highways Agency, Network Rail, businesses, members of the public and others that were consulted during the preparation phase.

For details see: West Yorkshire Local Transport Plan 2011-2026, www.wyltp.com/NR/rdonlyres/1CF40EA9-62D8-4611-964E-C6D1B663628E/0/20121003LTPFullStrategy.pdf