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New data shows drastic modal split in Ile-de-France (France)

By Jan Christiaens / Updated: 23 Sep 2014
Recent research on transport modes in Ile-de-France shows a major change in modal split compared with 2001. “The Global Study on Transport” conducted by STIF and DRIEA between 2009 and 2011 points out that out of the 41 million daily trips in Île-de-France, 39% are made on foot, 38% by car and 20% by public transport.
The main conclusion of the 2010 Global Study on Transport conducted by “Syndicat des Transports d’Île-de-France” (STIF) and “Direction régionale et interdépartementale de l’équipement et de l’aménagement d’Île-de-France (DRIEA) is that while use of the car has stabilised across the entire region of Paris, walking, public transport and cycling have increased significantly. According to the survey based on 18000 household interviews, journeys that are not linked to Paris city represent the majority (70%) of the trips in the region and are those that have increased the most. Though numerous, the suburban trips are usually short, 4.4km on average, mostly undertaken within close proximity to the home.

Another conclusion is that walking has become the main transport mode. 39% of trips are made entirely on foot. Likewise cycling, formerly reserved only for leisure and recreation, is now used more as a daily transport mode. At present around 650,000 daily trips are made by bike, twice as many as 10 years ago. Moreover, public transport use has increased considerably compared with 2001: trips made by train, bus, tramway, RER and metro have augmented by 21% corresponding to more than 8 million trips per day.

The findings of the Global Study on Transport are completed by a IAU-IdF (Institut d’aménagement et d’urbanisme d’Île-de-France) research made public in 2012. The latter claims that although there is no major difference between the mobility of Paris city residents and that of those from Paris region, both spend about the same time away from home in daily travel. There is however a difference in number of kilometres travelled during this time. Those living in the suburbs travel three times more kilometres than those living in the city. In this case, car journeys predominate.

At the same time, the STIF study shows stability in the number of trips made by car and an increase in active travel modes. IAU-IdF research explains this through a behaviour change of suburban residents. Before 2001 the suburbs were inhabited by former urban residents not willing to give up their lifestyle, activities and social habits, despite the strong constraint of large distances to be travelled. Nowadays Île-de-France residents tend to be more anchored to their territory and have a more locally dependent life. This hypothesis was confirmed by a STIF study in which walking represents 53% of all journeys within Paris’s first ring of localities. Moreover, the IAUD-IdF study mentions that the distance to be travelled between the residence and the centre of the agglomeration impacts more on the mobility and programme of activities of the elderly than on other age groups.

Source: STIF

Photo credits: Ile de France
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