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Achieving sustainability in urban transport in developing and transition countries

By Raf Canters / Updated: 01 Aug 2014
The key factor to achieving sustainability is no longer money but using available resources appropriately, according to a new study published by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety.
The study suggests that the success of sustainability projects crucially depends on knowledge and functioning institutional structures at local, regional and national levels.

Sustainable transport is an urgent issue for a number of reasons. The transport sector was responsible for 23% of global CO2 emissions in 2007, and adversely affects air and noise pollution, land use etc. These effects are especially relevant in cities, where half of the world’s population is living today. With a growing world population and ongoing urbanisation, the number and share of city dwellers will rise considerably in the next decades. Thus, sustainability in urban transport is becoming increasingly important.

The new study took 16 examples from around the world to explore paths towards sustainable urban transport in developing and transition countries. The report first provides a short overview of the most pertinent sustainability problems in urban transport. The question is then addressed of what sustainable mobility is and what the main obstacles on the path to achieving greater sustainability are. The central part of the study deals with the most important policies and instruments to enhance sustainable (urban) mobility. Each section combines theoretical background information and arguments with case studies from developing and transition countries. The reader therefore gets an idea of the vast range of instruments available to promote sustainable mobility.

Importantly, it is also shown that it is possible to introduce or enhance sustainable urban transport regardless of the income position of the specific region, country or city. Success factors for different instruments are identified, thereby offering promising routes for countries according to their state of economic development. The study concludes by presenting policy recommendations for more sustainable pathways of urban mobility.

The full study (PDF) is available at: target=_blank>http://www.umweltdaten.de/publikationen/fpdf-l/4239.pdf

Source: http://www.umweltdaten.de (in German)
Policy and research
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