SANIBICI is the nickname for projects that include Sanitation + Cycling facilities. In Brazil several of these projects are being built with the name of Linear Parks. One of them is Parque da Integração in São Paulo. The present paper aims to present these projects, highlighting the social and economic advantages of mixing sanitation and cycling facilities.
Background & Objectives
The goals of the sanitation and the bicycle projects often are complementary, both aiming at improvement of living conditions of the inhabitants of the favelas (slums). In sanitation projects the infrastructure that is built below surface (sewage pipes, drinking water pipes) is covered by a fixed pavement to protect this infrastructure. In bicycle projects, amongst others, a fixed, smooth surface is often provided to enable the cyclists to have comfortable and safe ride. So, the fixed pavement is an essential and linking element between both and combining them represents a big economical advantage, obtaining a cycle way that is away from the motorized traffic, a greenway.
The Parque da Integração is a Project that is a social construction of an urban space dedicated for leisure and active mobility, preserving the environment at the same time.>The project is based in a walking and cycling way/route of 7,5 km, implemented over the water pipeline (adutora Rio Claro), with squares of sports facilities, that runs from the neighbourhood of Sapopemba until the Largo São Mateus.
The project is a initiative of SABESP - Companhia de Saneamento Básico do Estado de São Paulo and Escola da Cidade.
Combining Sanitation and Cycling facilities represent a big economical advantage, creating a mobility facility to enable people to have access to health services, schools, sports facilities and shops in their neighborhood and to public transport stops/stations to enable people to have access to jobs and socially important activities in other parts of the city. The bicycle is a favorable means of transport for the inhabitants of favelas, because they are affordable to own and ride, relatively fast, non polluting (noise, air quality), and the exercise is benefiting physical condition. Bicycle projects stimulate socio-economic health.
Text taken from ECOMM 2008 abstracts.