The increased rate of car ownership and competition between regional bus companies have caused many difficulties for public passenger transport in the Czech Republic during the last two decades. The integrated public transport system of the Southern Moravia Region includes network and timetable integration, tariff integration as well as marketing integration.
Background & Objectives
The only way to stem the continuous decline in public transport use in the Southern Moravia Region has been to ntegrate systems. The combined network had to provide a unified service involving several kinds of public transport and had to be professionally managed.
All the existing transport modes in a large part of the Southern Moravia Region as well as in its capital city, Brno, are now connected in the Integrated Public Transport System of the Southern Moravia Region (IDS JMK). Under the same conditions one can travel in local trains, regional busses, public city transport vehicles in Brno (trams, busses and trolleybuses) and city transport vehicles of some smaller cities. On all these lines, passengers use the same tickets and pay the same prices for the same journey.
The biggest challenges seen were:
- inadequate legislation on the state level (tariff system, controlling, financing, standardisation, etc.);
- changing the habits of passengers; and
- changing the behavior of the operators’ staff.
KORDIS JMK as a specific body, a public transport authority, was established by the Southern Moravia Region (51%) and the City of Brno (49%) in 2002. KORDIS is the coordinator of the IDS JMK.>The main tasks of KORDIS JMK are preparation, management and supervision of the system. It serves as a main mediator between the region and municipalities (budget holders), public transport operators and the public.
The main objectives of KORDIS JMK and the IDS JMK are:
- economic optimisation;
- integration of all public transport modes;
- increasing the amount of users via the systematic offer of public transport; and
- introducing a single tariff system and information system with unified transport conditions.
Preparation for the integration started in 2003. The network and the tariff have been totally changed and systematised. In one year, the first phase of the IDS JMK, which included the City of Brno and its suburbs (an area encompassing 550,000 inhabitants) was established. Since then, further phases of the IDS JMK have been launched. The aim is to integrate the whole area of the Southern Moravian Region, which includes 1.2 million inhabitants and 672 municipalities, by 2010.
In this project it was seen as very important to keep all stakeholders informed. This includes the information of every household and continuous discussion with the decision makers.
The Integrated Public Transport System of the Southern Moravia Region brought a new dimension to the urban and regional public transport. It increased the accessibility of rural areas, bringing tourists to places that had previously seen few visitors.
No new updates as of 2011.