By means of an energy consumption label and a register of passenger cars, vehicle owners get information of fuel consumption and CO2 emission of their (potential) car. At the end the result hangs on the decision of the customers.
Background & Objectives
It is the aim of the Swiss federal office for environment, traffic, energy and communication (UVEK) to reduce the fuel consumption in their country. Therefore the UVEK and the Swiss association of car importers (auto-Swiss) came to an agreement to reduce the average consumption of new cars. It is designated that the average consumption of the new-car-fleet will decline from 8.4 l/100 km (year 2000) to 6.4 l/100 km in 2008.
That means a total reduction of 24% or 3% per year.
Similar to the agreement between UVEK and auto-schweiz the automotive manufacturer of Europe, Japan and South Korea enunciated a commitment to reduce average CO2 emissions of sold new cars. The goal of the European Union is an average of 140 g CO2/ km. Compared to each other the European target value is below the Swiss value (approx. 155g/km). In the meantime the EU decided to reduce the target value on 130 g CO2/km till 2012 (this is accord to approx. 5.5 l benzine / 100 km respectively 4.9 l diesel / 100 km).
Along with additional accompanying measures (better tyres etc.) even a lower value is possible.
In Switzerland the energy-consumption label for new passenger cars helps everybody who wants to make an energy- and climate conscious purchase decision. You get information on fuel consumption, CO2 emission and the availability of particle filter in diesel vehicles.
Besides the energy-consumption label a catalogue informs about all available new car in Switzerland. This catalogue is published by Touring Club Schweiz (TCS) and EnergieSchweiz and is open to inspection at every car dealer and on www.energieetikette.ch
The EcoMobiliListe of the association of Transport and environment Switzerland (ATE/VCS/ATA) is informative as well.
The intention is it to influence purchase decisions by the implementation of the energy-consumption label in 2003.
The energy-consumption label contains details to
- 1. The kerb weight
- 2. Fuel consumption (l/100 km)
- 3. CO2 emissions (g/km) (compared to the average of all new cars)
Furthermore the label divides the vehicles into seven categories (A to G) of fuel-efficiency. The base of these classifications is the fuel-consumption related to the kerb weight. Therewith a comparison between the vehicles in every single car-class is possible (e.g. compact car to compact car or van to van). The category A can be achieved by both, smaller and bigger cars.
The development so far shows a decline of the average fuel consumption but not in the volume how it is necessary to reach the target value. In 2006 the consumption amount 7.62 l/100 km. So the goal for this year was failed by 10% (6.9 l/100 km)
The consumption of a vehicle depends to a great extent on the weight of the cars. Approximately 100 kg additional weight cause about 0.5 l/100 km additional benzine or diesel.
Unfortunately the average weight of new cars in Switzerland increased between 2000 and 2006 by 128 kg. Without these weight increase the automobile industry had achieved their goal of 6.9 l/100 km in average.
A part of the weight increase is an effect of better safety equipments. The remain is caused by a higher standard of comfort.
Owners and buyers of cars should be aware of the coherence between weight and additional energy-, fuel consumption and CO2 emissions of vehicles.