The BedZED project is the UK's first and largest carbon-neutral eco-community.
Background & Objectives
BedZED was developed by the Peabody Trust in partnership with Bill Dunster Architects and BioRegional Development Group, environmental consultants and completed in 2002. BedZED is a mixed-use, mixed-tenure development that incorporates innovative approaches to energy conservation and environmental sustainability. It is built on reclaimed land owned by the London Borough of Sutton, and was sold to Peabody Trust at below market value due to the planned environmental initiatives. The site was deliberately chosen to have good public transport links including two railway stations, two bus routes and a tramlink.
In relation to transport the aims of the development are to achieve a
- A 50% reduction in fossil-fuel consumption by private car use over the next ten years compared with a conventional developments
- A 10-year target to produce enough electricity from photovoltaic panels (which convert sunlight into energy) to power 40 electric vehicles.
To achieve these aims a Green Transport plan was developed, which includes
- A 'pedestrian first' policy with good lighting, drop kerbs for prams and wheelchairs and a road layout that keeps vehicles to walking speed
- On-site charging points for electric cars and a free public electric vehicle charging point in the nearby Sutton town centre. For owners of electric vehicles energy and parking will be free of charge >
- An onsite Car Club called 'ZEDcars'. Users pay by the hour and by the mile, aimed at encouraging residents to use other modes (walk, cycle, PT) for most journeys, although still have access to a car for journeys that require one
- Limited car parking spaces within the development to discourage car ownership
- Provision of on-site facilities (including social facilities and childcare amenities) and encouragement of home working and online shopping by residents to minimise travel to/from the development
- A survey of BedZed residents in August 2003 found an average mileage of 2,061 miles/year, 35% of the local average.
- The environmental savings from the Green transport plan have been estimated at 1.3 tonnes of CO2 per resident per year.
A full evaluation of the transport impact are planned in 2008.