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Integration

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GLOSSARY TERMS

The aim of the SUMP Glossary is to provide a brief explanation of specialist words, terms and abbreviations relating to the subject of sustainable urban mobility planning. The Glossary has been prepared by the CH4LLENGE project and as a result, there is a particular focus on defining terms relating to the four key challenges of plan development studied by the project, namely: participation, cooperation, measure selection and monitoring & evaluation. It is envisaged that, over time, the international community of mobility practitioners will add to the content of the online Glossary and produce versions in different languages.
A simple structure has been followed so that users can search for words, terms and abbreviations in a standard alphabetic format. For each Glossary term, the following information is provided:
• a general definition and, where available, a specific definition relating to transport and mobility planning;
• an explanation of why the term is relevant to sustainable urban mobility planning; and
• references to sources.
The preparation of the Glossary, including the selection of terms and drafting of definitions, has been informed by a review of relevant reports, guidance documents and existing glossaries. The key reference is the European Union “Guidelines - Developing and implementing a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan” prepared for the EC’s Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE) programme by Rupprecht Consult (January 2014) and therefore this has not been identified as a source throughout the document. The outputs of the CH4LLENGE project have also provided a principal source of information and the official documents can be found at www.sump-challenges.eu.

Please note that not all the explanatory text is taken directly from the listed sources. The authors have sought to take established definitions and information as the basis and explain these in simple terms and relate them to the context of sustainable urban mobility planning where this was not previously the case.

Af Admin Eltis / Opdateret: 28 May 2019

Definition – Integrated planning, also referred to as institutional cooperation, refers to collaborationinfo-icon and joint working within and across organisations to develop and implement a plan. Such cooperation may involve the alignment of objectives and policies and the sharing of knowledge, datainfo-icon, resources, finance and powers between several organisations.

Different types of integrationinfo-icon include:

  • Vertical integrationinfo-icon – this involves cooperation - and the alignment of relevant legislation, guidelines and supporting policies - between the different levels of government and other organisations operating at the European, national, regional and local levels.
  • Horizontal integrationinfo-icon – horizontal integration encompasses two types of cooperation:
    • Policyinfo-icon/sectoral integration – Policy/sectoral integration concerns the management of cross-cutting issues in policy-making that do not correspond to the institutional responsibilities of individual departments. Consultationinfo-icon and cooperation to avoid “silo working” by departments and organisations in various policy areas (land use planning, social services, health, energy, education, enforcement and policing etc.) is important in the context of SUMP development.
    • Territorial integration – Coordination of policies and activities between neighbouring local authorityinfo-icon areas, ideally through the preparation of a single SUMP for the entire ‘functioning areainfo-icon’ of a city, as defined by major transport flows. Depending on government responsibilities at local, regional and national levels, it may be necessary to involve regional and national stakeholders (including transport network authorities).

The word integration is also used in the context of integration of transport modes.

Relevance to SUMP – Horizontal and vertical integration are core components and a main characteristic of the SUMP approach. The development and implementation of a SUMP should follow an integrated approach with a high level of cooperation and consultation between the different levels of government and relevant authorities.

Source: CH4LLENGE, 2015; Meijers & Stead, 2004

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