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GLOSSARY TERMS

The aim of the SUMP Glossary is to provide a brief explanation of specialist words, terms and abbreviations relating to the subject of sustainable urban mobility planning. The Glossary has been prepared by the CH4LLENGE project and as a result, there is a particular focus on defining terms relating to the four key challenges of plan development studied by the project, namely: participation, cooperation, measure selection and monitoring & evaluation. It is envisaged that, over time, the international community of mobility practitioners will add to the content of the online Glossary and produce versions in different languages.
A simple structure has been followed so that users can search for words, terms and abbreviations in a standard alphabetic format. For each Glossary term, the following information is provided:
• a general definition and, where available, a specific definition relating to transport and mobility planning;
• an explanation of why the term is relevant to sustainable urban mobility planning; and
• references to sources.
The preparation of the Glossary, including the selection of terms and drafting of definitions, has been informed by a review of relevant reports, guidance documents and existing glossaries. The key reference is the European Union “Guidelines - Developing and implementing a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan” prepared for the EC’s Intelligent Energy Europe (IEE) programme by Rupprecht Consult (January 2014) and therefore this has not been identified as a source throughout the document. The outputs of the CH4LLENGE project have also provided a principal source of information and the official documents can be found at www.sump-challenges.eu.

Please note that not all the explanatory text is taken directly from the listed sources. The authors have sought to take established definitions and information as the basis and explain these in simple terms and relate them to the context of sustainable urban mobility planning where this was not previously the case.

Af Admin Eltis / Opdateret: 28 May 2019

Definition: The differentiation between the terms accessibilityinfo-icon and mobilityinfo-icon is useful in the context of policyinfo-icon development. The accessibility of an activity for a person is the ease with which the person can get to places where that activity (e.g. education, work, leisure) takes place. The term accessibility therefore refers to the ability to reach activities and not movement itself using different modes of transport.

To illustrate this, it is possible to have good accessibility with poor mobility. For example, a community with severe highway congestion, but where residents live within walking distance of all desired activities has poor mobility but good accessibility. Policies to increase mobility generally also increase accessibility by making it easier to reach destinations and activities further away.

The term accessibility has the following different dimensions: the transport dimension (options for transport); the land use dimension (quality and spatial distribution of activity locations); the individual dimension based on the (different) needs, capabilities and perceptions of (different) individuals; and the temporal dimension, as activities/opportunities are often only available at particular times.

Relevance to SUMP: It is a SUMP objectiveinfo-icon to ensure that all citizens are offered transport options that enable access to key destinations and services. Accessibility can be improved by: reducing the distance between places where activities are undertaken through land use planning measures (i.e. high density development and mixed-use development); and by providing better mobility/transport options. When judging the accessibility of a destination or activity, attention should be paid to the needs of all social groups, including groups such as children, older people and disabled people.

Source: DfT, 2013; Handy, 2002; ITS Leeds KonSULT (online); Ricardo 2015

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