Population growth, congestion and environmental damage alongside increased use of home delivery services are challenging the traditional methods of freight urban logistics. According to CIVITAS Policy Note on Urban Freight Logistics (CIVITAS, 2015), freight urban logistics accounts for between 10 % and 15 % of the total distance travelled by urban road transport and emits approximately 6 % of all transport-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
City logistics comprise the delivery and collection of goods in urban areas. Improving city logistics may address transportation methods, handling and storage of goods, management of inventory, waste and returns, as well as home delivery services.
Making this process sustainable requires efficient interfaces between long-haul transport and short-distance distribution to the final destination. It also requires efficient planning of the routes to avoid empty runs or unnecessary driving and parking. Furthermore, sustainable urban freight requires smaller, more efficient and cleaner vehicles.