Paris contains a “cluster” of main public transport stations by Gare du Nord with the Magetna RER station and Gare du Est in a 500 m proximity to each other. The two locations host 800 000 passengers each day of which 200 000 passengers are using both for interchanges. Now, the transport authority Île-de-France Mobilités announced a € 50 million plan to improve the connection between the two stations by 10 project elements.
Intermodal transport refers to the use of at least two different modes of transport during one door-to-door journey. The level of integration in terms of ownership, operation or usability is an important aspect of intermodality. Improving intermodal transport requires the development of seamless integrated transport chains.