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Rehabilitation of Hamamonu District: The only new pedestrian area to open in Ankara in the past 20 years
Background & ObjectivesThe Hamamonu district of Ankara, known for its old traditional Ankara houses, was the focus of a â€śStreet Rehabilitationâ€ť project launched in 2007 by the Ankara Altındağ Municipality. The district offers many examples of the traditional Anatolian and, in particular, Ankara housing styles, which have undergone renovations and faĂ§ade renewals in the project. In addition, a number of narrow streets that had previously been open to vehicular traffic have been pedestrianised.
ImplementationThe rehabilitated area forms part of Ankaraâ€™s historical quarter, which has been earmarked for regeneration in the cityâ€™s conservation plan. While the building restoration programme has raised criticisms following reports that some buildings were completely demolished and rebuilt rather than being renovated, it is the pedestrianisation area that deserves attention in the context of Ankaraâ€™s extremely automobile-oriented urban and transport policies.
Ankara, the capital of Turkey, has very few pedestrian-only areas, and those that do exist were created pre-1990. As such, in almost two decades no new pedestrian areas have been created, despite the proposal to extend the existing pedestrian zones in the cityâ€™s Transport Master Plans. The majority of transport investments in Ankara since the mid-1990s have sought to improve vehicular flow in the city centre, but have resulted in pedestrian circulation and mobility being severely compromised.
In front of this car-oriented city backdrop the Hamamonu project is rather significant, being the first time for almost 20 years that a new pedestrian zone has been bestowed upon the city.
The subsequent growth in the number of cafes and restaurants opening in the area, and the marked increase in the number of visitors are putting this historical part of the city back on the map as a car-free and safe environment to visit. The area has begun to be known as a place were people can stroll in a pleasant environment, and where children can play and ride their bicycles.
ConclusionsThe way the pedestrian streets of Hamamonu are being enjoyed by visitors, and particularly by cycling children, is a clear indicator of the need for more pedestrian areas in the city. The project has helped to show that such car-free areas are valued by the general public, and can become important areas for social interaction and safe playgrounds for children.
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This Case Study is part of the European urban mobility and transport best practice collection from Eltis - www.eltis.org.