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Legislación y políticas de la UE
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Esta sección alberga un resumen de las políticas y las leyes de la Unión Europea relacionadas con la movilidad urbana sostenible; en ella podrá encontrar información sobre los últimos programas marco y ámbitos prioritarios de la UE.

Intelligent Transport Services

Commission Staff Working Document "Towards a roadmap for delivering EU-wide multimodal travel information, planning and ticketing services" SWD(2014)194

Directive 2010/40/EU on the framework for the deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems in the field of road transport and for interfaces with other modes of transport

Communication "Action plan for the deployment of Intelligent Transport Systems in Europe" COM(2008)0886

Road Safety

Non-paper "Road safety planning, good practice examples from national road safety strategies in the EU"

Communication "Towards a European road safety area: policy orientations on road safety 2011-2020" COM(2010)389

  1. The Directive only applies mandatorily to motorways but the principles of the Directive are promoted as best practice for all road infrastructure management including inside urban areas.

  2. The legislation concerns the risks of collision between heavy vehicles and vulnerable road users (pedestrians and cyclists) which primarily is a concern inside urban areas.

Green vehicles & fuels

Note: the legislation on vehicles is rather large and only the most relevant one for urban mobility is listed below.

The full list is accessible here

Commission Staff Working Document "Guidelines on financial incentives for clean and energy efficient vehicles" SWD(2013)27

The Clean Power for Transport package establishes that a mix of alternative fuels is necessary to break the transport sector's dependence on oil, and it introduces a legislative proposal for the deployment of an EU-wide recharging and refuelling network for electricity, hydrogen and natural gas.

Regulation (EU) No 510/2011 setting emission performance standards for new light commercial vehicles

  1. Amended by Regulation (EU) No 253/2014

Regulation (EU) No 63/2011 laying down detailed provisions for the application for a derogation from the specific CO 2 emission targets

Regulation (EU) No 1222/2009 on tyre Labelling with respect to fuel efficiency

Directive 2009/33/EC on Clean Vehicles

Regulation (EU) No 443/2009 setting emission performance standards for new passenger cars

Directive 2009/30/EC amending Directive 98/70/EC as regards the specification of petrol, diesel and gas-oil and introducing a mechanism to monitor and reduce greenhouse gas emissions

Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 on type approval of motor vehicles with respect to emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information

  1. Regulation (EC) No 692/2008 amending Regulation (EC) No 715/2007 as regards type-approval requirements for motor vehicles fuelled by hydrogen and mixtures of hydrogen and natural gas

  2. Regulation (EU) No 630/2012 amending Regulation (EC) No 692/2008, as regards type-approval requirements for motor vehicles fuelled by hydrogen and mixtures of hydrogen and natural gas with respect to emissions

This Directive was amended a large number of times since 2007. Below are the most important amendments, but for completeness we refer the reader to  EUR-lex

  1. Regulation (EU) No 540/2014 on the sound level of motor vehicles and of replacement silencing systems amending Directive 2007/46/EC

  2. Regulation (EU) No 195/2013 amending Directive 2007/46/EC and Regulation (EC) 692/2008 as concerns innovative technologies for reducing CO2 emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles

  3. Regulation (EC) No 79/2009 on type-approval of hydrogen-powered motor vehicles amending Directive 2007/46/EC

  4. Regulation (EU) No 406/2010 implementing Regulation (EC) No 79/2009 on type-approval of hydrogen-powered motor vehicles

  5. Regulation (EC) No 595/2009 on type-approval of motor vehicles and engines with respect to emissions from heavy duty vehicles (Euro VI) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information

Cycling & motorcycling

Regulation (EU) No 168/2013 on the approval and market surveillance of two- or three-wheel vehicles and quadricycles

  1. Regulation (EU) No 134/2014 supplementing Regulation (EU) No 168/2013 with regard to environmental and propulsion unit performance requirements and amending Annex V thereof

General on urban mobility

Transport White Paper COM (2011)144

Communication "A Sustainable Future for Transport" COM(2009)279

Green Paper "Towards a new culture for urban mobility"

Environment

Directive 2011/92/EU on Environmental Impact Assessment

Directive 2009/28/EC on Renewable Energy

  1. Amended by Regulation (EU) No 333/2014

Communication: Greening Transport COM(2008)433

Directive 2008/50/EC on Ambient Air Quality

  1. Decision 2011/850/EC on the implementation of Directive 2008/50/EC